Last Updated: 30 October 2011

Mine Ban Policy


The Republic of Djibouti signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 18 May 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 March 1999. The president signed national implementation legislation on 11 March 2006.[1] The law also created a national commission responsible for application of the law.

As of October 2011, Djibouti had not submitted its annual Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report. The last year that Djibouti submitted an Article 7 report was 2005.

Djibouti did not attend the Tenth Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in Geneva in November–December 2010, or the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in June 2011.

Djibouti is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines, but is not party to the CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Djibouti has never submitted an Article 13 report for Amended Protocol II.

Production, transfer, stockpiling, and retention

Djibouti has reported that it has not produced antipersonnel mines. It is not known to have ever exported mines.[2]

On 2 March 2003, one day after its treaty-mandated deadline, Djibouti destroyed the last of its stockpile of 1,118 antipersonnel mines.[3] In 2005, Djibouti reported that it retained 2,996 antipersonnel mines for training purposes, the same number it first declared in January 2003.[4]  It has not provided an update since that time and has never reported in any detail on the intended purposes and actual uses of its retained mines—a step agreed by States Parties at the Mine Ban Treaty’s First Review Conference in November–December 2004.


Both the government and the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy used landmines around military positions and on access roads during the 1991–1994 civil war.[5]


[1] “Loi n°141/AN/06/5ème L portant mise en oeuvre de la Convention d’Ottawa sur l’interdiction de l’emploi, du stockage, de la production et du transfert des mines anti-personnel et sur leur destruction” (“Implementation of the Ottawa Convention),” Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti,

[2] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form E, 16 January 2003.

[3] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form G, Tableau Explicatif, 6 February 2004; and Article 7 Report, Form G, 16 January 2003.

[4] Mines retained include: 650 M12; 307 M412; 621 PPM2; 665 T72; 521 MB; 16 DV; 30 M961; 10 AV; 128 PPMISR; 12 MLE421; 18 M59; and 18 of unknown type and origin. Article 7 Reports, Form D, 25 January 2005; and Form D, 16 January 2003.

[5] See Landmine Monitor Report 1999, pp. 33–34.


Last Updated: 16 August 2011

Cluster Munition Ban Policy

Commitment to the Convention on Cluster Munitions

Convention on Cluster Munitions status


Participation in Convention on Cluster Munitions meetings

Attended First Meeting of States Parties in Vientiane, Lao PDR in November 2010 and intersessional meetings in Geneva in June 2011

Key developments

Ratification is underway


The Republic of Djibouti signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 30 July 2010.

In November 2010, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official said that ratification was being considered by parliament and efforts were being made to make prioritize its approval.[1]

Djibouti participated in some meetings of the Oslo Process that created the convention, but did not attend the Convention on Cluster Munitions Signing Conference in Oslo in December 2008 due to coordination issues related to the signature and authorization process.[2] After making several positive statements toward the convention, Djibouti signed the convention at the UN in New York in July 2010.

Djibouti attended the First Meeting of States Parties to the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Vientiane, Lao PDR in November 2010, where it called on all countries to join the convention and noted, “Although the convention has a great legitimacy in today’s world and in our region, it is sad to see that certain countries that have used cluster munitions in the region have not signed up.”[3] Djibouti also participated in intersessional meetings of the convention in Geneva in June 2011, but did not make any statements.

Djibouti is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW), but has not ratified CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war and has not participated in recent CCW discussions on cluster munitions.

Use, production, transfer and, stockpiling

Djibouti has stated that it has not used, produced, or stockpiled cluster munitions.[4]


[1] CMC meeting with Issé Abdillahi Assoweh, National Disarmament Focal Point, Deputy Director, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Djibouti, Vientiane, 11 November 2010.

[2] For more information on Djibouti’s policy and practice regarding cluster munitions through mid-2010, see: ICBL, Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), pp. 143–144.

[3] Statement of Djibouti, First Meeting of States Parties, Convention on Cluster Munitions, Vientiane, 10 November 2010. Notes by the CMC.

[4] Interview with Amb. Mohamed Siad Douale, Permanent Mission of Djibouti to the UN in Geneva, 13 April 2010; and Statement of Djibouti, First Meeting of States Parties, Convention on Cluster Munitions, Vientiane, 10 November 2010, notes by the CMC.

Last Updated: 05 August 2011

Mine Action

Contamination and Impact


With the completion of mine clearance by France in May 2008 around its ammunition storage area (ASA) at La Doudah, there were no known mined areas remaining in Djibouti. At a regional seminar for French-speaking countries in October 2008, Djibouti reported that it was “mine free since the completion of demining at La Doudah.”[1] In June 2008, however, a border conflict between Djibouti and Eritrea at Ras Doumeira had raised fears of the possibility of new contamination.[2] Moreover, in November 2009 Djibouti reported that it had a residual problem of antipersonnel mines.[3]

Cluster munition remnants and other explosive remnants of war

Djibouti is believed to have a small residual problem with explosive remnants of war (ERW), primarily unexploded ordnance (UXO). There is not believed to be a problem with cluster munition remnants.

Mine Action Program

There is no ongoing mine action program in Djibouti although a national mine action center continues to function.[4]

Land Release

Formal mine clearance operations by Djibouti on suspected hazardous areas apart from the French ASA at La Doudah ended in 2003 and only sporadic clearance of UXO has occurred since under the auspices of a national mine action center.[5]

Compliance with Article 5 of the Mine Ban Treaty

Under Article 5 of the Mine Ban Treaty, Djibouti was required to destroy all antipersonnel mines in mined areas under its jurisdiction or control as soon as possible, but not later than 1 March 2009. Although it has not formally declared fulfillment of this obligation, Djibouti is not included on the Mine Ban Treaty Implementation Support Unit’s (ISU) list of States Parties with remaining Article 5 obligations and Djibouti has not requested an extension to its deadline.[6] Djibouti has not submitted a Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report since 2005.


[1] Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD), “Annexe 2: Synthèse d’informations—Djibouti” (“Annex 2: Information Overview—Djibouti”), Seminar of African Francophone Actors of Mine and ERW Action, Benin, 20–22 October 2008,

[2] See, for example, International Crisis Group, “CrisisWatch, No. 59,” p. 2, 1 July 2008,; and Barry Malone, “Djibouti president accuses Eritrea over border fight,” Reuters (Addis Ababa), 14 June 2008,

[3] “Djibouti: Synthèse d’informations de l’action contre les mines et les restes explosifs de guerre (dont sous-munitions)” (“Djibouti: Overview of information on mine action and ERW (including submunitions)”), 30 September 2009, Second of African Francophone Seminar on Mine and ERW Action, Dakar, Senegal, 2–4 November 2009.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] ISU, GICHD, “Clearing Mined Areas: 40 States Parties in the Process of Implementing Article 5, List of countries,”