Last Updated: 27 October 2011

Mine Ban Policy

The Republic of Cameroon signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 19 September 2002, becoming a State Party on 1 March 2003. Cameroon has never used, produced, exported, or imported antipersonnel mines, including for training purposes. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically has not been enacted. Cameroon submitted its initial Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report on 5 December 2005 and a subsequent report in August 2009, but has not consistently provided annual reports.

Cameroon destroyed its stockpile of 9,187 antipersonnel mines in April 2003. Cameroon apparently retains 3,154 “inactive mines” for training purposes. Cameroon has not provided further reporting on the use of retained mines, as agreed by States Parties in 2004.

Cameroon is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) and its Amended Protocol II on landmines, but not CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.

Cameroon attended the Tenth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in November–December 2010, but did not attend the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in June 2011.


Last Updated: 12 August 2014

Cluster Munition Ban Policy


The Republic of Cameroon signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 15 December 2009, ratified on 12 July 2012, and the convention entered into force for the country on 1 January 2013.

It is not known if specific legislation measures will be undertaken to enforce the Convention on Cluster Munitions domestically.[1]

As of 27 June 2014, Cameroon had not yet submitted its initial Article 7 transparency report for the Convention on Cluster Munitions, which was originally due by 30 June 2013.

Cameroon participated in the Oslo Process and joined in the consensus adoption of the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Dublin in May 2008, but was unable to sign the convention at the Oslo Signing Conference in December 2008 due to difficulties in securing authorization.[2] Cameroon signed the convention at the UN in New York in December 2009.

Cameroon has continued to participate in the work of the Convention on Cluster Munitions. It has participated in every Meeting of States Parties of the convention, including the Fourth Meeting of States Parties in Lusaka, Zambia in September 2013. Cameroon attended the convention’s intersessional meetings in Geneva in 2011, 2013, and April 2014. It also attended a regional meeting on the convention in Lomé, Togo in May 2013.

At the UN General Assembly (UNGA) First Committee on Disarmament and International Security in October 2013, Cameroon appealed for the universalization and efficient implementation of the Convention on Cluster Munitions.[3]

Cameroon has voted in favor of recent UNGA resolutions condemning the Syrian government’s use of cluster munitions, including Resolution 68/182 on 18 December 2013, which expressed “outrage” at Syria’s “continued widespread and systematic gross violations of human rights” including the use of cluster munitions.[4]

Cameroon has provided its views on certain important issues regarding the interpretation and implementation of the convention. In 2011, the Ministry for External Relations stated, “Cameroon has never produced, used, or stockpiled let alone served as a platform for the transit or transfer of cluster munitions. It therefore approves a) the prohibition on the transfer of cluster munitions; b) the prohibition on the assistance in joint military operations; c) the prohibition on foreign stockpile of cluster munitions; d) the prohibition on investments in cluster munitions.”[5]

Cameroon is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Cameroon has stated several times that it has not used, produced, stockpiled, or transferred cluster munitions.[6]


[1] Cameroon’s ratification legislation, Law 2011/003, was adopted on 6 March 2011 and signed into law by President Paul Biya on 6 May 2011.

[2] For details on Cameroon’s cluster munition policy and practice through early 2010, see ICBL, Cluster Munition Monitor 2010 (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, October 2010), pp. 126–127.

[3] Statement by M. Ahidjo, UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 14 October 2013.

[4]Situation of human rights in the Syrian Arab Republic,” UNGA Resolution A/RES/68/182, 18 December 2013. Cameroon voted in favor of a similar resolution on 15 May 2013.

[5] Original text in French: “Le Cameroun, n’est producteur, ni utilisation, ni stockeur encore moins une plate-forme de transit et de transfert des armes à sous-munitions. Il approuve par conséquent a) l’interdiction de transfert des sous-munitions; b) l’interdiction d’assistance en opérations militaires conjointes; c) l’interdiction de stocker des armes à sous-munitions étrangères; d) l’interdiction d’investir dans les armes à sous-munitions.” “Cameroon and the Convention on Cluster Munitions,” statement provided to Handicap International in email from Dr. Yves Alexandre Chouala, Ministry of External Relations, 12 May 2011.

[6] Statement of Cameroon, Convention on Cluster Munitions Second Meeting of States Parties, Beirut, 15 September 2011; statement of Cameroon, Dublin Diplomatic Conference on Cluster Munitions, Closing Plenary, 30 May 2008. Notes by Landmine Action; and statement of Cameroon, First Meeting of States Parties, Convention on Cluster Munitions, Vientiane, 10 November 2010. Notes by the CMC.