Cape Verde

Last Updated: 27 October 2011

Mine Ban Policy

The Republic of Cape Verde signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 4 December 1997 and ratified it on 14 May 2001, becoming a State Party on 1 November 2001. Cape Verde has never used, produced, or exported antipersonnel mines. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically has not been enacted. Cape Verde submitted its initial Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report on 31 March 2009, but has not submitted annual reports since.

As part of a NATO training operation, Latvian explosive ordnance disposal troops destroyed Cape Verde’s stockpile of 1,471 antipersonnel mines in June 2006. Cape Verde’s deadline for destruction of stockpiled antipersonnel mines was 1 November 2005. Cape Verde retained 120 mines for training purposes.[1] It has not subsequently reported on the status of these mines.

Cape Verde did not attend the Tenth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in November–December 2010, but it attended the Mine Ban Treaty intersessional Standing Committee meetings in June 2011.

Cape Verde is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) and its Amended Protocol II on landmines, but not CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.


[1] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for the period 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2008), Form D.

Last Updated: 12 August 2014

Cluster Munition Ban Policy


The Republic of Cape Verde signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008, ratified on 19 October 2010, and the convention entered into force for the country on 1 April 2011.

It is not known if Cape Verde will undertake national implementation measures such as legislation to implement and enforce the provisions of the convention.[1]

As of 27 June 2014, Cape Verde had not yet submitted its initial Convention on Cluster Munitions Article 7 report, which was originally due 28 October 2011.

Cape Verde did not participate in any meetings of the Oslo Process that created the convention, before it signed the convention in December 2008.

Cape Verde has continued to show interest in the Convention on Cluster Munitions. It participated in the convention’s Meetings of States Parties held in 2011 and 2012, but was absent from the Fourth Meeting of States Parties in Lusaka, Zambia in September 2013. Cape Verde has not attended any of the convention’s intersessional meetings held in Geneva since 2011.

At the UN General Assembly (UNGA) First Committee on Disarmament and International Security in October 2013, Cape Verde highlighted its participation in the Convention on Cluster Munitions and the dialogue on how to fulfill the convention’s obligations.[2]

Cape Verde has not yet provided its views on a number of issues important for the interpretation and implementation of the convention, such as the prohibition on transit and foreign stockpiling of cluster munitions on the territory of States Parties, the prohibition on assistance with prohibited acts in joint military operations, and the prohibition on investment in cluster munition production.

Cape Verde is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is also party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Cape Verde is not known to have ever used, produced, transferred, or stockpiled cluster munitions.


[1] The National Assembly adopted Resolution No. 137/VII/2010 in June 2010, approving ratification of the convention. After signature by the president it was published in the official gazette on 26 July 2010. See Cluster Munition Monitor 2011, p. 77.

[2] Statement by Amb. Antonio Pedro Monteiro Lima, UNGA First Committee on Disarmament and International Security, New York, 14 October 2013.