Last Updated: 21 October 2011

Mine Ban Policy

Mine ban policy overview

Mine Ban Treaty status

Not a State Party

Pro-mine ban UNGA voting record

Voted in favor of Resolution 65/48 in December 2010

Participation in Mine Ban Treaty meetings

Did not attend as an observer the Tenth Meeting of States Parties in Geneva in November–December 2010, or the intersessional meetings in June 2011


The Republic of Kazakhstan has not acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. It has expressed support for the Treaty’s humanitarian objectives, but has previously cited the perceived need for antipersonnel mines to protect its border and the perceived need for alternatives as the reasons it has not yet joined.[1] In May 2011, Kazakhstan said that “Taking into account its close proximity to unstable regions and existing threat of international terrorism, Kazakhstan, while addressing the issues related to landmines, proceeds from the necessity to reconcile the interests of national security and economic potential of the State and humanitarian aspects as well.”[2]

In May 2011, Kazakhstan stated that it “does not acquire, produce or export antipersonnel mines and has no such plans for the future.”[3] It has had a moratorium of unlimited duration on export and transit of mines in place since 1997.[4]

The size of Kazakhstan’s antipersonnel mine stockpile is not known, but a 1998 media report estimated that the government had between 800,000 and one million antipersonnel mines.[5] Officials have said that many of the mines have expired, that some have been destroyed in recent years, and that a plan for further destruction is in place.[6]

Government officials have at times acknowledged the use of mines in border areas and at other times denied the existence of minefields in Kazakhstan.[7]

Kazakhstan joined the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) on 8 July 2009, but is not party to CCW Amended Protocol II on landmines or CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war.


[1] For examples, see Landmine Monitor Report 2008, p. 870.

[2] Letter from A. Tanalinov, Head of Division of International Security, Permanent Mission of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the UN, 31 May 2011.

[3] Ibid.

[4] See Landmine Monitor Report 2007, p. 862, for details on statements regarding production and trade.

[5] Adil Urmanov, “Blind Weapon,” Delovaiya Nedeliya (Kazakh newspaper), 12 June 1998, p. 8.

[7] For past statements, see Landmine Monitor Report 2007, p. 862; and Landmine Monitor Report 2005, p. 770.