+   *    +     +     
About Us 
The Issues 
Our Research Products 
Order Publications 
Press Room 
Resources for Monitor Researchers 
Landmine Monitor
Table of Contents
Country Reports


The Republic of Bolivia signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Oslo on 3 December 2008. The status of the ratification process is not known. Bolivia is not believed to have used, stockpiled, produced, or transferred cluster munitions.

Bolivia participated in two of the four Oslo Process international treaty preparatory conferences—in Lima in May 2007 and in Vienna in December 2007—as well as the regional conferences in Costa Rica, Mexico, and Ecuador.[1] During the formal negotiations in Dublin in May 2008, Bolivia aligned itself with many other Latin American states in pushing for the most comprehensive convention possible, and it opposed a transition period during which states could continue to use cluster munitions.[2] Upon signing in Oslo, Bolivia’s Minister of Foreign Affairs praised the convention, while reminding others that many weapons not regulated by a treaty, such as small arms and light weapons, are still killing people daily.[3]

Bolivia is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW), but has yet to ratify Protocol V on Explosive Remnants of War. Bolivia has not participated actively in the CCW discussions on cluster munitions in recent years.

[1] Although Bolivia did not attend the Wellington conference in February 2008, at the regional meeting held in Mexico in April 2008 Bolivia endorsed the Wellington Declaration, indicating its intention to participate in the formal negotiations in Dublin. CMC, “Report on the Mexico Regional Conference,” April 2008, www.stopclustermunitions.org.

[2] Summary Record of the Committee of the Whole, Eighth Session: 23 May 2008, Dublin Diplomatic Conference on Cluster Munitions, CCM/CW/SR/8, 18 June 2008.

[3] Statement by Amb. David Choquehuanca Cépedes, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Convention on Cluster Munitions Signing Conference, Oslo, 3 December 2008.