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Country Reports


The Republic of Kazakhstan has not signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions. It participated minimally in the diplomatic process in 2007 and 2008 that resulted in the development, negotiation, and then signing of the convention in Oslo in December 2008. A representative from Kazakhstan’s embassy to the United Kingdom attended the treaty negotiations in Dublin in May 2008 as an observer, but made no statements.

Kazakhstan has not made a public declaration regarding its cluster munition policy. It is not known to have used, produced, or exported cluster munitions. Kazakhstan inherited a stockpile of cluster munitions from the Soviet Union. Jane’s Information Group reports that RBK-500 cluster bombs are in service with the country’s air force.[1] It also possesses Uragan 220mm surface-to-surface rockets, but it is not known if these include versions with submunition payloads.[2]

Kazakhstan is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

[1] Robert Hewson, ed., Jane’s Air-Launched Weapons, Issue 44 (Surrey, UK: Jane’s Information Group Limited, 2004), p. 841.

[2] International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance 2005–2006 (London: Routledge, 2005), p. 241.