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Country Reports
CZECH REPUBLIC, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


Mine Ban Policy

The Czech Republic signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997, but has not yet ratified. It was an active participant in all the treaty preparatory meetings and the negotiations in Oslo, and endorsed the pro-treaty Brussels Declaration in June 1997. The Czech Republic voted in favor of the United Nations General Assembly resolutions supporting a ban on landmines in 1996, 1997, and 1998. An official from the Czech Republic’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs attended the Regional Conference on Landmines in Budapest, Hungary on 26-28 March 1998, where he said that a draft ratification and draft implementation law would be submitted to the Parliament “as soon as possible for discussion and approval.”[1]

The Czech Republic is a state party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and ratified the amended Protocol II on 10 August 1998. The Czech Republic is not a member of the Conference on Disarmament (CD), but has expressed support for the CD as a forum for encouraging universal adherence to the Mine Ban Treaty.[2]

Production, Transfer, and Stockpiling

The former Czechoslovakia was a significant producer and exporter of arms, including antipersonnel mines. The Czech Republic inherited the AP mine production facilities when the country divided.[3] Czechoslovak state factories produced ten types of antipersonnel landmines: the PP-Mi-Ba, the PP-Mi-D, the PP-Mi-D II, the PP-Mi-Sb, the PP-Mi-Sr, the PP-Mi-Sr II, the PP-MI-St-46, the PP-Mi-Na, the PP-Mi-S1, and the PP-Mi-Sk.[4] Czechoslovakian mines were widely exported and used in Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia, the former East Germany, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Namibia, Nicaragua, Somalia, South Africa, and Zambia.[5]

According to the Czech government, production of antipersonnel mines was halted in 1990. The Czech Republic imposed a three year moratorium on AP mine exports in October 1994, and extended it indefinitely in November 1997.[6]

By December 1997, the Czech Republic had destroyed all 44,353 non-detectable antipersonnel mines in its stocks that did not comply with CCW Protocol II.[7] On 23 May 1998, the Czech Minister of Defense approved a stockpile elimination plan calling for complete elimination by 30 June 2001. The remaining 330,000 AP mines will be destroyed by disassembling and recycling certain materials, such as scrap metal and TNT components. The Ministry of Defense plans to retain approximately 4,000 antipersonnel mines for training purposes.[8]

Landmine Problem

The Czech Republic government reported in 1995 that troops from the former Soviet Union had left approximately two tons of mines in waste dumps, in weapon pits, and in the ground near the Ralsko and Mlada military bases, which were occupied by Soviet troops from 1968 to 1991. Army demining units, with the assistance of three NGOs, Enmotec SRO, Geofyzika AS, and GMS AS, have been clearing these bases of mines, and expect to have completed the task by the end of 1999.[9]

Mine Action

The Czech Republic has donated $22,500 to the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Clearance. In 1997 the Czech government donated CHF 6,000 to the ICRC to help mine victims.[10] Czech IFOR and SFOR soldiers engaged in mine clearance in Bosnia-Herzegovina.[11] The Czech government has said that “as international assistance to mine victims is concerned, health facilities in the Czech Republic are ready to admit for paid medical treatment a limited number of landmine victims, in particular children, and to ensure the supply of all necessary prostheses.”[12] In January 1999, the governments of Slovenia and the Czech Republic signed a declaration of cooperation in support of the International Trust Fund of the Republic of Slovenia for Demining, Mine Clearance and Assistance to Mine Victims in Bosnia and Herzegovina, based in Ljubljana, Slovenia.[13]


[1] Statement at Budapest Conference by Dr. Miroslav Tuma, Deputy Director of the Department of UN Organizations for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, The Czech Republic.

[2] Ibid.

[3] This was confirmed to ICBL members during the negotiations on the CCW 1994-1996 by both Czech and Slovak officials.

[4]U.S. Department of Defense, “Mine Facts” CD ROM.


[6]Statement at Budapest Conference by Dr. Miroslav Tuma, 26-28 March 1998, p. 20.

[7]Statement of Mr. Tuma to Budapest Conference, 26-28 March 1998.

[8]Ibid, also, Canada’s Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade’s Mine Action Database.

[9]Country Profiles, United Nations Demining Database, http:www.un.org.Depts/Landmine/ (Ref. 3/5/99).

[10] Statement of Mr. Tuma to Budapest Conference, 26-28 March 1998.

[11]United States Department of State, Hidden Killers: The Global Problem with Uncleared Landmines, September 1998, p. C-1, C-5.

[12] Statement of Mr. Tuma to Budapest Conference, 26-28 March 1998.

[13]Czech News Agency report, 7 January 1999. See also, Memorandum issued by Slovenian delegation to Ottawa conference, (undated) 3 December 1997.