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Country Reports
KYRGYZSTAN, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


Kyrgyzstan has not signed the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. It attended the early treaty preparatory meetings in 1997, but only as an observer, and did not endorse the pro-treaty Brussels Declaration in June 1997. It attended the regional conference on landmines in Turkmenistan that month, but made no statement on mine ban policy. Kyrgyzstan did not participate in the Oslo negotiations, but sent an observer to the Ottawa signing conference. Also in 1997, the International Committee of the Red Cross held an informational seminar on landmines in Bishkek at the request of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[1] Kyrgyzstan voted for the 1996 UNGA Resolution 51/45S urging states to vigorously pursue an international agreement banning antipersonnel landmines, the 1997 UNGA Resolution 52/38A supporting the December treaty signing, and the 1998 UNGA resolution welcoming the addition of new states to the Mine Ban Treaty and urging its full realization. Kyrgyzstan is not a party to the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW), although it declared its intention to ratify the CCW and its Landmine Protocol to the ICRC.[2]

Kyrgyzstan is not known to produce or export antipersonnel landmines, though it has no restrictions in place governing production or export of landmines. It is thought to have inherited stockpiles of APMs from the Soviet Union.

There are landmines on the Kyrgyz-China border, laid during the time of the Soviet Union. The perceived need to maintain those minefields may be the reason Kyrgyzstan has not signed the ban treaty. How much of the Kyrgyz-China border is mined or how many mines are laid is unknown. However, Kyrgyzstan has recently begun discussions with China on how to clear the border minefields between the two countries.[3] There are no reports of casualties. Kyrgyzstan is not known to have made any contributions to international mine action programs.


[1] International Committee of the Red Cross, Annual Report 1997.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Correspondence from International Committee of the Red Cross official, Tashkent, 13 January 1999.