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Country Reports
MACEDONIA, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


Mine Ban Policy

The Republic of Macedonia acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty on 9 September 1998. It had participated in all the Ottawa Process treaty preparatory meetings and the Oslo negotiations, and endorsed the pro-treaty Brussels Declaration in June 1997. It did not sign when the treaty opened for signature in Ottawa for reasons unrelated to the treaty itself, but informed the Canadian government of its intent to accede to the treaty (a process by which states can become bound without signature). Macedonia also voted in favor of United Nations General Assembly resolutions supporting a ban on landmines in 1996, 1997, and 1998.

Macedonia attended the Budapest Regional Conference on Antipersonnel Landmines in March 1998, where an official from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs expressed support for the ban treaty and hope that it would facilitate demining and victim assistance efforts.[1]

Macedonia is a state party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons (30 December 1996), but has not ratified amended Protocol II on mines.

Production, Transfer, and Stockpiling

It is believed that some of the former Yugoslavia’s mine production facilities were located in Macedonia, which gained independence on 17 November 1991. Some production may have occurred post-independence, but this is not confirmed.[2] Macedonia is not known to have exported AP mines. The size of its stockpile inherited from the former Yugoslavia is not known. The former Yugoslavia produced at least 16 kinds of antipersonnel landmines, including: the MRUD, the MT-4, the PMA-1, the PMA-2, the PMA-3, the PMD-1, the PMR-1, the PMR-2, the PMR-2A, the PMR-2AS, the PMR-3, the PROM-1, the TM-100, the TM-200, the TM-500, and the UDAR mine.[3]


Macedonia is considered not to be mine-affected.[4] In the summer of 1998, landmines were detected near the border with the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FR Yugoslavia) by soldiers from the UN Preventive Deployment Force (UNPREDEP) in Macedonia. The Macedonian government stated that the mines had been laid by the troops of the FR Yugoslavia, and that, despite some reports, the mines were all on FY Yugoslavia territory, not Macedonian territory.[5] The mines were apparently laid by Yugoslavia to prevent smuggling of arms and recruits from Albania to Kosovo.


[1]Statement by Mr. Stefan Nikolovski, Assistant Minister in Charge of Multilateral Affairs at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, reported in International Campaign to Ban Landmines, “Report: Regional Conference on Landmines, Budapest, Hungary, 26-28 March 1998,” p. 21.

[2] The UN landmine database seems to indicate production. See, Country Profiles, United Nations Demining Database, http:www.un.org.Depts/Landmine/

[3]U.S. Department of Defense, “Mine Facts” CD ROM.

[4]Country Profiles, United Nations Demining Database.

[5]"Defence Ministry Denies any Landmines within Macedonia,” BBC Monitoring Service, 8 August 1998; “Macedonia Major Weapons Supply Route to Kosovo,” Reuters, 16 August 1998; “Yugoslavia mines its border with Macedonia,” Associated Press, 5 August 1998.