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Country Reports
FEDERATED STATES OF MICRONESIA, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


The Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) has not signed the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. It did not participate in any of the Ottawa Process diplomatic meetings or the formal negotiations, even as an observer. It was one of only 19 nations to abstain on the 1998 UN General Assembly resolution in support of the Mine Ban Treaty (which passed 124-0). FSM, which does not have its own military, states that it “does not use, produce or stockpile anti-personnel mines.”[1]

The Federation has close administrative and defense ties to the United States of America through its Compact of Free Association: "The U.S. Government has full authority and responsibility for security and defense matters in or relating to the FSM. The government of the FSM is required to refrain from actions that the Government of the United States determines to be incompatible with its authority and responsibility for security and defense matters."[2]

According to a government official, “the FSM National Police...is unaware of the existence of landmines in the FSM."[3] However, the FSM has a very slight problem with UXO dating back to the Japanese occupation of the islands during Word War II. According to a government official, “when unexploded ordnance is located and believed to pose a hazard, it is typically taken off the island on which it is found and safely detonated. The FSM contacts the United States Embassy, which in turn requests assistance from the United States Navy in Guam in removing the explosives. There is no ordnance demolition team in the FSM."[4] A government official interviewed said that he is “not aware of any recent victims of accidents involving the handling of ordnance.”[5] He confirmed that the FSM does not have a national disability law.[6]


[1] M. J. Mace, Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice, Federated States of Micronesia, letter to LM Researcher, dated 11 December 1998.

[2] Ibid.

[3] Ibid.

[4] Ibid.

[5] Ibid.

[6] Ibid.