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Country Reports
OMAN, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


Mine Ban Policy

Oman has not signed the Mine Ban Treaty. At the treaty signing conference in Ottawa in December 1997, Oman stated: “The Sultanate of Oman shares wholeheartedly in the aims of the campaign for a total global ban.... I also reaffirm that my Government is currently considering joining you as signatories to the Convention as soon as possible.”[1] Oman attended the treaty preparatory meetings and the Oslo negotiations, but only as an observer in each case. It did not endorse the pro-treaty Brussels Declaration in June 1997. However, Oman voted in favor of all of the pro-ban U.N. General Assembly resolutions in 1996, 1997, and 1998. In October 1998, the Minister of Foreign Affairs commended the efforts which led to the signing of the Mine Ban Treaty, but made no commitment for Oman to sign and ratify the treaty.[2]

Oman is not a signatory to the 1980 Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW).

Production, Transfer, Stockpiling, and Use

Oman does not produce or export mines but has no formal restrictions in place which would bar future production or trade. Oman has imported antipersonnel mines. The United States delivered a total of 802 M18A1 Claymore landmines to Oman in 1978 and 1981.[3] No information is available on other suppliers. It is assumed that Oman currently has a stockpile of APMs.

Mine Action

Oman is slightly mine-affected in its border areas. The UN notes that the British Mark-7 mine has been found in Oman.[4] There are no known mine action programs underway. Oman has not made any contributions to the UN Voluntary Trust Fund for Assistance in Mine Clearance or to other mine action programs. It suffers from fewer than ten landmine casualties per year.[5]


[1] Sultanate of Oman’s speech at the Signing Ceremony for the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention, December 2 - 4, 1997, Ottawa, Canada.

[2] “Sultanate to sign CTBT,” Middle East Newsfile: Times of Oman, 8 October 1998.

[3] U.S. Army Armament, Munitions and Chemical Command data, analyzed by Human Rights Watch Arms Division.

[4]United Nations, Country Report: Oman. At: http://www.un.org/Depts/Landmine/country/oman.htm.

[5] U.S. Department of State, Hidden Killers: The Global Landmine Crisis, 1998, A-4.