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Country Reports
PARAGUAY, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


Paraguay signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and was the fifty-first country to ratify on 13 November 1998.

Paraguay participated in all of the ban treaty preparatory meetings, endorsed the pro-treaty Brussels Declaration, and took part in the Oslo negotiations. Paraguay also voted in favor of the pro-ban UN General Assembly resolutions in 1996, 1997 and 1998, as well as the pro-ban resolutions of the Organization of American States (OAS). As a signatory to the 14 July 1998 Declaration of the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR), Paraguay supports the sixth article of the Declaration, which commits signatories to move toward declaring MERCOSUR member countries zones free of antipersonnel landmines and to work to enlarge this zone to include the entire Western Hemisphere.

Paraguay is not a party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and is not a member of the Conference on Disarmament.

Paraguay is not mine-affected. It is not believed to have produced or transferred antipersonnel landmines. It is unknown if Paraguay has a stockpile of antipersonnel mines. There is no known use of AP mines by Paraguay.Paraguay has not contributed to international mine action programs.

Landmine Monitor sent a questionnaire to the Ministry of Defense on 18 January 1998 and its General Secretary, Victor Pappalardo Lopez, said on 10 February that it had been sent to the Armed Forces for “study and consideration” and would be returned via the Foreign Ministry’s UK Embassy because that Embassy has answered similar questions in the past. As of 1 March 1999 LM had received no response to the questionnaire.