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Country Reports
TOGO, Landmine Monitor Report 1999


Togo signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 4 December 1997, but has not yet ratified. Togo voted in favor of the key 1996, 1997 and 1998 UN General Assembly resolutions on landmines and endorsed the Brussels Declaration. Togo is also a party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its original, but not amended, Protocol II on landmines. There is currently national legislation on arms ownership and use which prohibits individuals from bearing arms without official authorization and given this law, legislation specific to antipersonnel mines is thought to be unnecessary.[1]

Togo has not produced or exported antipersonnel mines. It has no weapons-production capacity.[2] There were rumours of mine importation at the time of the alleged attempted coup and mercenary invasion in 1977, but no substantive proof has been found. It is not known if Togo possesses a stockpile of AP mines. Togo is not mine-affected.[3]

French Togoland became independent in 1960 as the current Togo. It remains a member of the French-backed African Franc Zone. Tensions with Ghana have existed, especially since the accession of Jerry Rawlings as Ghanaian head of state in 1981. Rawlings relies heavily on the support of predominantly Ewé-speakers in the east and south-east. These have close links with Togo’s southern and coastal Ewé-speaking populations, who in turn have a mutually antagonistic relationship with Togo’s veteran northern military head of state, General Gnassingbé Eyadéma, in power since 1967.[4]


[1]LM Researcher interview with Georges Anani, Minister Counsellor, Embassy of the Republic of Togo, Brussels, Belgium, 17 February 1999.


[3]UN Country Report on Togo, see http://www.un.org/Depts/Landmine/country/togo.htm

[4]See C. Toulabor, Le Togo sous Eyadéma, Paris, Karthala, 1986.