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Country Reports
SOMALIA, Landmine Monitor Report 2000
LM Report 2000 Full Report   Executive Summary   Key Findings   Key Developments   Translated Country Reports


The situation in Somalia with respect to landmines is essentially unchanged since Landmine Monitor Report 1999. The reader is referred to that report for historical background, description of the landmine problem, and ban policies of various factions. There are still no mine clearance, mine awareness or victim assistance programs in Somalia.

As was the case last year, there have been ongoing, albeit unclear and undetailed, reports of use of mines. In 1999, there were allegations that new landmines had been laid along the Kenyan border with Somalia as a result of two factions fighting for control of the port city of Kismayo. There were also reports of use of mines by rogue militia involved in illegal activities such as smuggling along the border. Somali warlord Hussein Mohamed Aideed has claimed that Ethiopian troops occupying some parts of southern Somalia have used landmines.[1]

In May 1999 local elders in the Galgaduud and Mudug regions of central Somalia showed reporters documents to prove they had filed a detailed demining project proposal and made repeated requests for assistance with demining in central Somalia since 1993, most recently in a letter to UNDP Somalia in September 1998. The UNDP’s Nairobi-based Somali Civil Protection Program Manager was reported as stating that one reason no work had been done is that there is “no functioning administration or recognised authority to work with,” but he also complained of lack of funds for demining work.[2]

(See separate report on Somaliland.)


[1] “Adid Accuses Ethiopia of Annexing Somali Territory,” AFP, 21 March 2000.
[2] “Special report on Galgaduud and southern Mudug,” IRIN (Galkacyo, Somalia), 12 May 1999.