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Country Reports
Burkina Faso, Landmine Monitor Report 2003

Burkina Faso

Burkina Faso signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997, ratified on 16 September 1998, and the treaty entered into force on 1 March 1999. Decree 180 of 2001 incorporates the Treaty into domestic law and violations are punishable with a one-to-five-year prison term and/or a fine of between CFA300,000 to 1,500,000 (US$410 to $2,050).[1]

Burkina Faso attended the Fourth Meeting of State Parties in September 2002 and the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in February and May 2003. The government also participated in a Seminar on the Implementation of Article 7 of the Ottawa Treaty in Central Africa, organized by the Belgian Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Brussels from 12 to 13 November 2002. Burkina Faso submitted its fourth Article 7 Report in 2003; essentially a “nil” report.[2] On 22 November 2002, Burkina Faso voted in favor of the UN General Assembly resolution 57/74 on the universalization and implementation of the Mine Ban Treaty. It does not produce, export or uses antipersonnel mines and has no stockpiles.[3]

Burkina Faso is not a mine-affected country, but since 1969 members of its Military Engineering Department have been trained in demining techniques in France, Germany, Tunisia, the USA and the former Soviet Union.[4] In April 2003, two officers attended training at a regional mine clearance training center in Ouidah, Benin.[5]

[1] Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 136.
[2] See Article 7 reports submitted on: 4 December 2000 (for the year 2000), 6 August 2001 (for calendar year 2000) and 14 March 2002 (for calendar year 2001).
[3] Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 136.
[4] Email from Capt. Blaise Kiema, Officer of the Military Engineers, Ministry of Defense, 6 May 2003.
[5] Ibid.