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Country Reports
Kosovo , Landmine Monitor Report 2003


Key developments since May 2002: During 2002, Kosovo Protection Corps operations cleared 203,360 square meters of land, destroying nine antipersonnel mines, 206 cluster submunitions, and 29 items of unexploded ordnance. Fourteen new dangerous areas were discovered. Total funding of mine action in Kosovo was $1.4 million. Recorded civilian casualties in 2002 range from 15 to 24, with most caused by unexploded ordnance.


Kosovo is a province of Serbia and Montenegro (formerly the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) which has been under the administration of the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) since 1999. The UN Mine Action Coordination Center handed responsibility for mine action to UNMIK and local bodies in late 2001.[1]


In 2002, there continued to be sporadic instances of the use of mines by unknown persons against the remaining Serbian minority in Kosovo, and against Serbian military and police forces on the province’s border with southern Serbia. Mines have been used in disputes over land ownership between ethnic Albanians and ethnic Serbs in the Klokot region, and in relation to the repatriation of ethnic Serbs to the towns of Klina, Istok, and Peja.[2] In September 2002, a Serbian woman was killed by a wire-triggered mine while harvesting. Shortly after this, a routine check nearby revealed three antivehicle mines in a vehicle owned by an ethnic Albanian. In November 2002, an antivehicle mine was found in a recently refurbished house.[3]

Caches of weapons, including mines, continue to be discovered by the international Kosovo Force (KFOR), but at a lower level than in previous years. From January to June 2002, KFOR seized 3,690 grenades and mines. From October through December 2002, KFOR seized 465 grenades and mines.[4] On 1 July 2003, an Albanian ex-commander of the disbanded Kosovo Liberation Army was indicted for possession of illegal weapons, including 80 antipersonnel and antivehicle mines, which were seized by KFOR in February.[5]

Weapons possession is a criminal offence for all Kosovo residents, except those holding UNMIK authorization, with penal sanctions for violations.[6]

Mine/UXO Problem

UNMIK determined in December 2001 that “all known minefields and cluster munition strike sites in Kosovo have been cleared to internationally acceptable standards.” The UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS) stated that while “some mines may be found in the future, the remaining threat in Kosovo consists primarily of limited numbers of CBU [cluster bomb units] and other UXO [unexploded ordnance].” The Mine Action Coordination Center (MACC) stated that, “the level of contamination no longer impedes social and economic development within the province.”[7]

When responsibility for dealing with residual contamination was handed over to the Kosovo Protection Corps (KPC) in December 2001, 47 task dossiers remained to be completed. However, during 2002 more tasks were added to the list than were taken off, for a number of reasons: new dangerous areas were discovered; two large clearance sites—NATO cluster bomb strike sites in Grimija and Jasic—continued to require KPC resources; and limited KPC explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) capacity in 2002.[8] In January 2003, 49 task dossiers containing 119 dangerous areas were outstanding. Most were cluster submunition sites viewed as low priority, but requiring clearance.[9]

New dangerous areas were discovered and low priority areas required higher prioritization, partly as a result of woodcutters penetrating further into forested areas, primarily on the Albanian border.[10] In 2002, fourteen previously unknown dangerous areas were reported and subsequently verified. Five are located near known sites in the heavily mined Dulje pass area.[11]

Grimija and Jasic represent two sites that have taken up much of the KPC capacity. After a civilian casualty occurred in February 2002 at Grimija, a NATO cluster bomb strike site cleared in 1999, KPC teams were assigned to clear it a second time; this operation continued into 2003. Grimija is a popular recreation and sports area on the outskirts of Pristina, which is heavily forested with steep slopes that make clearance difficult and slow. Information provided by the US in November 2002 indicates that the strike site may be more extensive than first indicated.[12] Jasic, another forested area, was the site of seven NATO cluster munition strikes; it has taken up the efforts of two KPC teams in 2002-2003.[13]

Mine Action Coordination and Planning

The Department of Civil Security and Emergency Preparation, which assumed responsibility for all matters pertaining to EOD in Kosovo, was renamed the Office of the KPC Coordinator (OKPCC) in November 2002.[14] The EOD Management section of the OKPCC includes three international staff (expected to remain to the end of 2003, after training national staff), supported by six national staff.[15]

Six of the seven KPC teams trained for EOD are under the command of the six regional Defense Zone KPC commanders; the seventh is commanded by the KPC engineering section. The lack of a unified EOD command has meant that both training and clearance activities have been less efficient than envisaged, according to Handicap International (HI) staff responsible for training and supervision. By January 2003, three of the seven KPC teams had been trained in mine clearance. From January to March 2003, further training was provided in enhanced demolition, team leader training, and refresher training aimed at enhancing KPC capacity to plan and manage operations. Only two teams were tasked to undertake mine clearance as of late January 2003.[16]

In 2002 and continuing in 2003, HI staff were responsible for the transport and issuing of explosives for use in mine/UXO clearance, as Kosovar organizations are prohibited from unsupervised explosives or munitions usage.[17] The HI Phoenix project continues to provide training, monitoring, and supervision to all seven KPC teams, and will likely continue until the end of 2003, if funding is available. Early in 2003, HI had 18 mine action staff (five internationals and 13 nationals).[18] In 2002, HI was contracted to undertake a separate rapid two-month clearance program in support of the KPC.

KPC teams are all ethnic Albanians. After difficulties encountered by a KPC team in a Serbian minority area in November 2001, there was no attempt to use KPC teams in ethnic Serbian areas during 2002. However, most priority areas are outside Serb areas.[19]

Following concern about the effect of low rates of pay on motivation and efficiency, KPC staff seconded to EOD/demining received additional “hazard pay” from June 2002. They are fully insured.[20]

A series of ad hoc changes have been made to the original division of functions assumed by local organizations when the UN MACC closed. In mid-2002, responsibility for the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) was removed from the Cadastral Agency and allocated to the OKPCC.[21]

Responsibility for the mine victim database was moved from the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to the Ministry of Health Institute for Public Health (IPH) in March 2002. But by June 2002, no victim data had been provided, possibly reflecting the low level of mine incidents and low priority given to this task. The initial regional reporting was changed and an individual given the task of collecting and collating mine victim statistics.[22]

During 2002 the OKPCC and the EOD management section reassumed responsibility for mine risk education. However, no funding was allocated by the OKPCC for MRE in 2002. Some activities took place in cooperation with the ICRC and others.[23]

Mine Action Funding

With the declaration in December 2001 that Kosovo was mine-free, the previous high levels of international mine action funding fell precipitously. In 2002, funding was directed to HI and the OKPCC. Salaries of the seven KPC EOD teams are provided by UNMIK as part of its overall funding of the KPC.

In 2002, total funding of mine action in Kosovo was $1,438,560. The OKPCC received $432,000 from the UNMIK budget. This covers equipment, but much equipment previously purchased by international donors was transferred to the KPC EOD teams and the OKPCC with closure of the UN Mine Action Coordination Center.[24]

HI’s Phoenix project was budgeted at $941,760 for 2002, funded by the European Agency for Reconstruction until the end of September, and by the US Department of State through the International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance (ITF) for October to December. The US funding was to continue through June 2003.[25]

In addition, HI received €71,374 ($67,805) for two months’ clearance activity (6 October-6 December 2002) from UNMAS. HI requested further funding from UNMAS and the French government in 2003 for clearance.[26] Recognizing that KPC “progress on outstanding clearance tasks in 2003 is expected to be limited,” UNMAS budgeted $255,383 for a team of experienced local and international personnel to operate in March-September 2003, including in Serb-dominated areas.[27]

The ICRC, Institute of Public Health and UNMIK provided additional contributions in kind and financially, during 2002, which have not been aggregated. HI’s support to disabpersons with disabilities in Kosovo includes mine survivors, but is a larger, holistic program; its contribution to mine action in 2002 has not been assessed. The ITF provided $422,676 in 2002 for mine risk education and for supervision of the KPC.[28] This included $177,502 to the Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation’s “Sports for Life” program in Kosovo.[29]

Survey and Prioritization

In 2002, new mine/UXO-contaminated areas continued to be discovered. The OKPCC decided to develop an eight-person team to survey and mark newly-reported dangerous areas. In January 2003, it was envisaged that funding would allow approximately eight months’ work by this team.[30]

Fourteen new dangerous areas, and several level one survey tasks, have been added to the list of dangerous areas requiring survey or clearance in 2003.[31]

By January 2003, all 49 task dossiers (containing 119 dangerous sites) had been clearly marked. Two KPC teams carried out new or refresher marking of previously known sites during November and December 2002, and undertook community liaison activity with local residents.

Mine/UXO Clearance

During 2002, KPC operations cleared 203,360 square meters of land and destroyed nine antipersonnel mines, 206 cluster submunitions, and 29 items of UXO. Of the area cleared in 2002, 185,931 square meters was surface and subsurface battle area clearance, and 17,429 square meters was demining.[32]

Clearance focused mainly on two NATO cluster bomb strike sites, Grimija and Gjakova/Jasic, where five KPC teams worked (and were expected to remain during 2003). At Grimija, 326 cluster submunitions were discovered in previous operations, and over 100 more submunitions have been discovered and destroyed since April 2002. The other two teams were deployed in the Dulje pass area conducting manual mine clearance, followed by survey and marking activity throughout Kosovo. The HI team worked on a previously suspended battle area site near Dakovica from 7 October to 4 December. In total, KPC/HI teams cleared four task dossiers comprising five dangerous areas in 2002. Work on four other task sites was suspended over the winter, for completion in 2003.[33] Three local quality assurance inspectors carried out weekly visits to clearance sites.[34]

The efficiency of KPC clearance teams in 2002 has caused concern. Comparison of clearance rates revealed that HI teams cleared about 70 square meters per day while KPC teams cleared 10 square meters (based on subsurface clearance of comparable sites). The HI teams are more experienced and better paid. KPC teams work a shorter day, and the regionalized command structure has meant more downtime.[35] In its budgeting for 2003, UNMAS recognized current KPC limitations and budgeted for a team of experienced local and international personnel to achieve “significant risk reduction over the short to mid-term”, including in Serb-dominated areas.[36]

The OKPCC reported, however, that results in 2002 give “a slightly false picture of the remaining situation in Kosovo” because the Grmija and Jasic sites were particularly difficult to work effectively; for 2003, experience gained and the addition of HI teams should increase clearance efficiency, and there will be fewer villages reporting new dangerous areas.[37] Clearance in 2003 was planned to concentrate on Grmija, Jasic, Dakovica and Cafa Prusit.[38]

Mine Risk Education

The fact that most mine/UXO casualties in 2002 resulted from the intentional handling of unexploded ordnance, in particular grenades, suggests the continuing need for mine/UXO risk education in Kosovo.[39] In total, about 80,000 people received mine risk education in Kosovo in 2002.[40]

A UNICEF consultant helped the Office of the Kosovo Protection Corps Coordinator plan for the cohesive functioning of Mine Risk Education (MRE) in Kosovo,[41] after the failure of the Institute of Public Health (IPH) and Ministry of Education to undertake mine risk education in 2002 severely stretched OKPCC resources.[42]

In 2002, the organizations carrying out MRE were ICRC, UNICEF, the local organization ARKA, and the German NGO Caritas. This represents a considerable reduction from the number of organizations engaged in previous years. ICRC continued with its Safer Village program, begun in 1999, focusing on 87 villages assessed as still facing a threat from UXO/mines. A total of 12,000 children and 1,450 adults received MRE presentations. In addition, a MRE spot produced in Kosovo for the ICRC in 2002 was broadcast by five local TV stations across the province during a three-month period.[43] The ICRC also produced and distributed 1,000 posters, 12,000 children’s notebooks and 2,000 adult notebooks with appropriate messages.[44]

In early 2002, UNICEF and the Ministry of Education piloted a curriculum component, which included MRE, to be introduced in all schools in September 2002. But further study deemed it unnecessary for much of Kosovo, and provision in schools during 2002 was limited. A KFOR proposal to provide MRE in schools was viewed with extreme caution by OKPCC, UNICEF and ICRC.[45]

During 2002, fourteen KPC staff were trained by ARKA in MRE and community liaison, and integrated into the EOD teams to provide a liaison function before, during and after clearance.

Operation Normal Life, completed in March/April 2002, was considered successful. Of 810 villages visited, 50 required follow up, of which fifteen will require some form of clearance action.[46]

In 2002, the Caritas MRE program focused on villages in eastern Kosovo, reaching more than 70. “Multipliers” (e.g. members of NGOs, teachers) were trained as well as students and other community members. Workshops were organized in educational institutions as well as in public places. The costs for the program, which was funded by private donations, was €350,000 ($332,500) [47] for the years 1999 to 2002, and €46,000 ($43,700) for 2002. Costs were much lower in 2002 than previously because the international project was transferred to local ownership. The project is not continuing in 2003.[48]

Landmine/UXO Casualties[49]

In 2002, according to the OKPCC annual report, there were fifteen civilian casualties (eight people killed and seven seriously injured) from landmines, UXO, and cluster bombs. Landmines caused only one injury during 2002. UXO caused five deaths and six injuries and cluster bombs killed three people. Ten of the casualties, including three of those killed, were under the age of 18 years. Most incidents involved intentional handling.[50]

The ICRC reports slightly different data for 2002: there were 24 casualties, including seven deaths, in fifteen incidents--one involving a mine, two involving cluster bombs and twelve involving UXO.[51]

In 2001, according to the MACC, there were seventeen incidents that caused 22 casualties, of whom nine were killed and thirteen injured. In 2000, nine were killed and 84 injured.[52] In the period June 1999 to December 2001, a total of 457 casualties of landmines, UXO and cluster bombs were reported: 92 killed and 365 injured.[53]

Since December 2001, the Institute of Public Health (IPH) has been responsible for data collection, but it did not, however, undertake this activity until August 2002.[54] Prior to this, the OKPCC assigned a staff member to closely monitor local media and liaise with KFOR and civilian police, and to investigate any reports of mine/UXO casualties. Only life-threatening or disfiguring were injuries recorded, which may account for the discrepancy between OKPCC and ICRC figures.[55]

One incident in September 2002, in which a Serbian woman was killed while harvesting, was not classified by the OKPCC as being a landmine incident, but rather a criminal act that used a landmine, and is not reflected in the statistics.[56]

A single incident on 6 December 2002, in which three children were killed and two seriously injured, had a major impact on the casualty figures. Five boys aged between four and 11 years, from the same family, detonated a grenade, apparently by pulling the pin out, although all had received MRE in the past.[57]

No casualties were reported among deminers in 2002. In previous years, the level of casualties among deminers caused concern.[58]

Casualties continue to be reported in 2003, with three children injured in two UXO incidents in February and April 2003.[59]

Survivor Assistance

Kosovo has an extensive network of medical support across the region, although the standard of facilities varies widely. The University Hospital in Pristina is the only hospital capable of handling major trauma cases. KFOR units provide an evacuation capability as well as immediate medical attention, particularly for serious cases, if necessary. Facilities for physical rehabilitation are reportedly poor and there is limited or no capacity to provide occupational therapy or psychosocial support.[60]

HI is the lead agency for survivor assistance in Kosovo, focusing on building capacity in the health system and acting as an advisor to the Ministry of Health.[61]

The ICRC trained local Red Cross teams in the Mitrovica region in emergency medical evacuation. Staff in the Red Cross of Kosovo and Metohija received first aid training and equipment. The Swiss Red Cross contributed to a WHO/UNMIK health-care project by training nurses and doctors in the Pec/Peja region.[62]

The Qendra National Ortho-Prosthetic Center in Pristina is the only facility in Kosovo for the production and fitting of lower limb prostheses.[63] HI is providing material assistance to the center. HI is also funding the training of ten technicians, four are currently training abroad (one will graduate in July 2003, the others in 2005). A further six technicians are training on-the-job in Kosovo and are expected to graduate in early 2004.[64] In 2002, the department of prosthetics assisted 424 people, including several mine survivors, and supplied 143 prostheses and repaired a further 88. HI material support to the center ends at the end of 2003 when full responsibility is handed over to the Ministry of Health. There are concerns about the center’s capacity to obtain sufficient raw materials to meet needs without international support.[65]

The Peja hospital has been refurbished and now has a rehabilitation department and prosthetics workshop provided by Italian NGOs through Italian KFOR. The workshop, however, was not functioning due to a lack of materials.[66]

According to HI, there are only 24 highly trained physiotherapists in Kosovo. About 600 are needed to meet the needs of the region. HI has supported the establishment of a three-year degree course in physiotherapy at the University of Pristina. Twenty students commenced training in September 2002 with a further 35 due to start in September 2003. The program is supported by the European Agency for Rehabilitation, HI, Queen’s University and the French Red Cross.[67]

HandiKos, a local disability NGO established in 1983, has a network of offices throughout Kosovo. Its programs which include components of physical rehabilitation, psychosocial support, vocational training and material support, assist all persons with disabilities in Kosovo, including mine survivors. HandiKos received financial support from HI until October 2002. Other donors to the program include Finland, the Save the Children Alliance, and Italian NGOs. [68]

The Jesuit Refugee Service (JRS) assists child victims of the war, including mine survivors in all areas of Kosovo. The program provides medical, material, psychosocial and legal support. In 2002, a total of 148 child victims of the war, including many mine survivors, directly benefited from the program with 430 direct actions including assessment visits, visits to hospital, prostheses and orthopedic follow-up, assistance with school materials, and the distribution of food parcels and firewood. In June 2002, a summer camp was organized for 30 children in cooperation with Caritas Kosovo at a beach in Montenegro. The program is supported by Renovibis and SCIAF.[69]

The Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation (VVAF) program of psychosocial assistance to persons with war-related disabilities ended on 28 February 2002.[70] In May 2002, a new program, “Sports for Life”, began, developing sporting activities for persons with disabilities and other disadvantaged groups. Since the program started, 2,568 persons with disabilities, including 65 landmine survivors, have participated in various sporting activities. The program is supported by the ITF and Norway.[71]

One of the main issues facing landmine survivors in Kosovo is the lack of employment opportunities, because of the economic situation. In June 2003, HandiKos was scheduled to open a Resource Center on Disability in cooperation with World Vision, which will include facilities for vocational training.[72]

Disability Policy and Practice

The Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare has responsibility for the long-term aspects of survivor assistance, including the provision of social assistance, and maintains liaisons with NGOs working with mine survivors.[73] The Ministry of Health has appointed an officer for physical medicine and rehabilitation, who is working with HI, to strengthen the rehabilitation sector.[74]

Legislation has been introduced in Kosovo, which provides all persons, including mine victims, who sustained injuries between November 1998 and June 1999, with a small monthly stipend. However, there is no provision in the legislation for casualties after this date. Efforts are underway to amend the legislation to include post-conflict victims. Social assistance for civilian victims of the conflict ranges between €34 and €63 (approx. $32-$61) per month depending on the degree of incapacity, but is only available to those unable to work.[75]

There is a Disability Council, which includes representatives from the Ministries of Health, Labor and Social Welfare, and Education, as well as HandiKos, HI, and donor bodies. There is also a Disability Adviser within the Prime Minister's Cabinet. In December 2001, the Disability Council presented its final draft of the Comprehensive Disability Policy Framework to the Office of Disability Issues. This has the status of a green paper and has been well received, but has not yet passed into law.[76]

[1] See Landmine Monitor Report 2000, p. 874; Landmine Monitor Report 2001, pp. 948-949; Landmine Monitor Report 2002, pp. 821-822.
[2] Interview with Steven Saunders, EOD Operations Officer, Office of the KPC Coordinator, UNMIK, Pristina, 28 January 2003.
[3] Ibid.
[4] UN Security Council, “Monthly Report to the UN on KFOR Operations: 1-31 May 2002;” 3 July 2002; UN Security Council, “Monthly Report to the UN on KFOR Operations: 1-31 October 2002,” 20 December 2002; UN Security Council, “Monthly Report to the UN on KFOR Operations: 1-30 November 2002,” 23 December 2002; UN Security Council, “Monthly Report to the UN on KFOR Operations: 1-31 December 2002,” 31 January 2003. Separate data for mines is not recorded by KFOR.
[5] “Ethnic Albanian indicted for illegal possession of weapons,” Associated Press, 1 July 2003.
[6] Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 822.
[7] Ibid., p. 823.
[8] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003; MACC, “Remaining Task in MNB Order, Amendment Six,” Pristina, 12 March 2003.
[9] UNMIK, “UNMIK OKPCC EOD Management Section Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, p. 3.
[10] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[11] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, pp. 1-3.
[12] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003; UNMIK “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, p. 3.
[13] Ibid.
[14] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, p. 1. This states that the DCSEP is “now known as” the OKPCC, but annexes of the report show the OKPCC as a department within the DCESP. See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, pp. 824-825 for evaluation of the UN mine action program in Kosovo and handover to the KPC.
[15] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[16] Interview with Aidan Thornton, Mine Action Program Manager, Handicap International (HI), Pristina, 28 January 2003.
[17] Ibid.
[18] Interview with Driton Ukmata, Director, HI, Pristina, 27 January 2003.
[19] Interview with John Hare, Technical Advisor, HI, Pristina, 14 April 2002.
[20] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[21] Ibid.
[22] Interview with Nora Demiri, Mine Awareness Officer, ICRC, Pristina, 28 January 2003.
[23] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, p. 4.
[24] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[25] Interview with Driton Ukmata, HI, 27 January 2003.
[26] Ibid.
[27] “Kosovo (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia),” Portfolio of Mine-related Projects – 2003 Country Programs, p. 164.
[28] ITF, “Annual Report 2002,” p. 37; email from Eva Veble, Head of International Relations, ITF, 8 May 2003.
[29] Email from Sabina Beber, ITF, 18 June 2003.
[30] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[31] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, p. 3.
[32] Ibid; interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003. See also Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 829.
[33] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, pp. 2, 4.
[34] Ibid, p. 2.
[35] Interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003; interview with Aidan Thornton, HI, 28 January 2003.
[36] UN, “Portfolio of Mine-related Projects 2003,” October 2002, p. 164.
[37] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, p. 7.
[38] Ibid, p. 6.
[39] Interview with Nora Demiri, ICRC, 29 January 2003.
[40] Email from Rajmonda Thaqi, MRE Assistant, Office of the KPC Coordinator, UNMIK Pristina, 1 July 2003.
[41] Interview with Nora Demiri, ICRC, 29 January 2003.
[42] UNMIK. “Annual Report 2002,” 20 January 2003, pp. 1, 4.
[43] Email from Nora Demiri, ICRC, 23 June 2003.
[44] Interview with Nora Demiri, ICRC, 29 January 2003.
[45] Ibid.
[46] UNICEF and Office of the KPC Coordinator, “Mine Risk Education and Public Information Consultancy Report,” August 2002, p. 4; Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 832.
[47] Exchange rate €1 = US$0.95. Federal Reserve, “List of Exchange Rates (Annual),” 6 January 2003.
[48] Email from Gernot Krauss, Caritas Germany, forwarded to Landmine Monitor on 5 June 2002.
[49] For casualties in southern Serbia, see report on Serbia and Montenegro.
[50] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” Annex G; interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[51] Interview with Nora Demiri, ICRC, 29 January 2003.
[52] See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 834.
[53] Praxis Group Ltd, “Willing To Listen,” 12 February 2002, p. 73; UNMIK, “Annual Report 2000,” MACC, p. 4; UNMIK, “Annual Report 2001,” paras. 36-38; UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,”Annex G.
[54] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” Annex G.
[55] Interview with Nora Demiri, ICRC, 29 January 2003.
[56] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” Annex G; interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[57] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” p. 4; interview with Steven Saunders, UNMIK, 28 January 2003.
[58] See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 831.
[59] Interview with Bajram Krasniqi, Public Information Assistant, UNMIK OKPCC, Pristina, 24 April 2003.
[60] For more details see Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 835.
[61] Interview with Dr. Pascal Granier, Coordinator and Dr. Iliriana Dallku, Program Assistant, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Program, HI, Pristina, 22 April 2003.
[62] Email to Landmine Monitor (HRW) from Kathleen Lawand, Legal Advisor, ICRC, 10 July 2003.
[63] Interview with Dr. Iliriana Dallku, Program Assistant, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, HI, Pristina, 28 January 2003.
[64] Ibid.
[65] Interview with Lirije Makolli, Administrator, Qendra National Ortho-Prosthetic Center, Pristina, 24 April 2003.
[66] Interview with Dr. Iliriana Dallku, HI, 28 January 2003; interview with Dr. Pascal Granier and Dr. Iliriana Dallku, HI, 22 April 2003.
[67] Interview with Dr. Pascal Granier and Dr. Iliriana Dallku, HI, 22 April 2003.
[68] Interview with Afrim Maliqi, Program Coordinator, HandiKos, Pristina, 25 April 2003.
[69] Interview with Kastriot Dodaj, Program Manager, Jesuit Refugee Service, Pristina, 25 April 2003 and Annual Report, Jesuit Refugee Service Southeast Europe, Landmine Victims Projects, Year 2001 and 2002.
[70] See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 836.
[71] Interview with Barbara Stuart, Head of Mission, VVAF, Pristina, 22 April 2003 and VVAF Sports for Life Fact Sheet 2002-2003.
[72] Interview with Afrim Maliqi, HandiKos, 25 April 2003.
[73] UNMIK, “Annual Report 2002,” pp. 13-14.
[74] Interview with Dr. Ismail Blakaj, Officer for Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Ministry of Health, Pristina, 23 April 2003.
[75] Interview with Nuhi Ismaili, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Pristina, 25 April 2003.
[76] Interview with Dr. Nexhat Shatri, HI, Pristina, 28 January 2003.