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Country Reports
Lebanon, Landmine Monitor Report 2003


Key developments since May 2002: Data collection for the national Landmine Impact Survey started in September 2002 and was completed in April 2003. In 2002, the Army reported demining 1.7 million square meters of land, destroying 7,973 antipersonnel mines, 139 antivehicle mines, and 8,109 UXO. As part of the $50 million United Arab Emirates “Operation Emirates Solidarity,” two commercial companies cleared 3.9 million square meters of land, removing and destroying 30,904 antipersonnel mines, 1,476 antivehicle mines, and 1,400 UXO in South Lebanon between May 2002 and May 2003. Between 1 May 2002 and 1 June 2003, mine risk education activities reached about 95,000 out of 180,000 students in South Lebanon, and as many as 500,000 people total. In 2002, 42 new landmine/UXO casualties were recorded in Lebanon, a significant decrease from the previous year.

Mine Ban Policy

Lebanon has not acceded to the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty. On 22 November 2002, Lebanon was one of 23 countries that abstained from voting on UN General Assembly Resolution 57/74, supporting universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty. On 25 November 2002, the Lebanese Minister of Foreign Affairs said the country could not join the treaty because Israel, who laid the largest number of mines in Lebanon, had not yet joined.[1]

Lebanon attended the Fourth Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in September 2002 and participated in the February and May 2003 meetings of the intersessional Standing Committees. Lebanon is not a member of the Convention on Conventional Weapons or its Amended Protocol II (Landmines), but attended the Fourth Annual Conference of States Parties to Amended Protocol II in December 2002.

Lebanon is not known to have ever produced or exported antipersonnel mines. The Lebanese Army stockpiles an unknown number of antipersonnel mines. There were no confirmed reports of antipersonnel mine use by any party, including non-state actors, in Lebanon in 2002 or early 2003. The National Demining Office (NDO) of the Lebanese Army provides commercial demining companies working in South Lebanon with mines and explosive devices for training in mine clearance operations.[2]

Landmine Problem

Lebanon’s first national Landmine Impact Survey, scheduled for release in mid-September 2003, will provide the best information on the number, size and impact of mined areas in Lebanon. Preliminary results of the nationwide survey indicate that 22 out of 24 districts are affected to some degree by landmines and/or unexploded ordnance (UXO). The survey identified 289 affected communities, with a total population of 1,045,249.

Each year, the National Demining Office (NDO) of the Lebanese Army provides Landmine Monitor with a list of mined areas in Lebanon, sorted by province (mohafazat) and district (cadaa). As of February 2002, the Army counted 445 cleared areas and 2,146 uncleared areas.[3] As of 1 March 2003, the Army counted 1,233 cleared areas and 2,180 uncleared areas. It appears that more areas are cleared due to increased demining activity, but at the same time more uncleared areas are identified due to expanded and better survey and information-gathering activities.

The Lebanese Army has estimated that there are about 406,000 landmines laid throughout the country, with South Lebanon the most heavily contaminated area.[4] The UN has stated that the majority of the mined areas in the south are found in border minefields proximate to the UN-drawn “blue-line” between Lebanon and Israel. Border minefields are located from the coast at Naquora all the way to Kfar Chouba in the east.[5] Israeli maps report a total number of 1,869 minefields along the border, containing an estimated 246,012 antipersonnel mines and 10,666 antivehicle mines.[6]

The Lebanese Army has told Landmine Monitor that the Israeli maps provide information on less than 80 percent of the minefields and that fieldwork has shown the maps are about 60 percent accurate.[7] According to the commander of the UN peacekeeping force in South Lebanon, as of June 2002, Israel had handed over maps detailing the locations of approximately 400,000 landmines. The first batch of maps received in June 2000 covered 77,000 mines mainly around former Israeli outposts and 288 booby-trapped explosive devices. A second batch received in December 2001 detailed the presence of some 300,000 mines along the UN-delineated Blue Line. In April 2002, UNIFIL received information on 13,600 landmines along the border south of Alma Shaab. But almost no information had been received on mines planted in the “Jezzine corridor,” the mountainous extension of Israel’s old occupation zone that ran from the Litani River up to Jezzine.[8]

New minefields and dangerous areas are still being discovered and tasked for clearance as the demining progresses in South Lebanon. Marking and fencing of dangerous areas improved in 2002, as the Mines Advisory Group (MAG) and the Lebanese Army started to assess marking and fencing requirements as part of MAG’s technical survey in Hasbayya district and Marjeyoun district of South Lebanon.[9]

Landmines are not the only threat to residents of South Lebanon. Unexploded ordnance (UXO) is scattered around former battlefields and front-line areas. The UN peacekeeping force commander has described dud cluster submunitions in South Lebanon as perhaps the most dangerous UXO, including the air-dropped BLU-63/B and Mk.-118 Rockeye submunitions and the artillery-delivered M43E1 submunition.[10]

Survey and Assessment

The Mines Advisory Group, in collaboration with the NDO, started a nationwide Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) in Lebanon in March 2002. The Vietnam Veterans of America Foundation (VVAF) is providing technical support and advice. The European Commission is funding the survey with €1.6 million ($1.52 million).

From March to August 2002, MAG established an office, and recruited and trained staff. Data collection started in September 2002 and ended in April 2003. A presentation of the preliminary results took place on 12 May 2003 at the UN House in Beirut. The report is due for release in mid-September 2003, following feedback from the government.[11]

The survey data has been fed to the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA) installed at the National Demining Office and at the Mine Action Coordination Center for South Lebanon (MACC SL). The NDO’s IMSMA database covers the entire country, while MACC SL’s is only for South Lebanon. A system of data exchange between the NDO and MACC SL has been established. In February and March 2002, DanChurchAid, a Danish NGO, provided NDO with training in IMSMA.[12]

The Landmines Resource Center (LMRC) of the Faculty of Health Sciences of the University of Balamand maintains a landmine casualty database in cooperation with the NDO. LMRC has provided both NDO and MACC SL with landmine casualty data. In collaboration with concerned NGOs from the National Victim Assistance Committee, LMRC completed a new phase of landmine casualty data collection between July and December 2002.

Coordination and Planning

The National Demining Office of the Lebanese Army is the official body in charge of the national mine action plan and undertakes all coordination and planning efforts. The NDO has established two committees, one for mine risk education and the other for survivor assistance, which meet regularly to coordinate their activities. Bilateral contacts between the NDO, the Ministry of Defense and major stakeholders and donor countries continued in 2002. A delegation from the NDO visited the United States in July 2002, Jordan in September 2002 and Norway in March 2003.[13]

The NDO cooperates with the Mine Action Coordination Center for South Lebanon that was established in Tyre in early 2002. The MACC SL manages the United Arab Emirates-funded demining project in South Lebanon called “Operation Emirates Solidarity.” MACC SL has components from the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) and the United Arab Emirates Army. MACC SL has held weekly coordination meetings for the demining organizations working in the south since January 2002. Meetings of the donor group, the International Support Group for Mine Action in Lebanon (ISG), took place on 28 May 2002, 20 January 2003 and 27 May 2003.

On 21 May 2001, the NDO launched its six-year strategic plan. The Army Engineering Corps has developed a set of prioritization criteria for mine clearance, taking into consideration the needs of local communities.[14] The NDO plans to use the results of the Landmine Impact Survey to plan any new demining operations, starting with Mount Lebanon.[15]

Under “Operation Emirates Solidarity,” the LMRC has carried out a community liaison project linking the demining companies and the communities targeted by the demining operations, enabling the communities to express their needs and to report dangerous areas for verification and clearance.[16]

South Lebanon and West Bekaa remain the focus of mine action efforts in Lebanon. This has led to numerous formal requests and complaints by municipalities and communities in the rest of the country.[17]

Mine Action Funding[18]

In 2001, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) pledged up to $50 million to clear mines in formerly occupied parts of South Lebanon. It is not known how much of that total the UAE contributed in 2002.

According to information supplied to Landmine Monitor by donors, mine action funding for Lebanon in 2002 included: Norway $1.58 million; United States $1.3 million; Greece $840,000; Canada US$399,000; France $89,000; and Germany $26,000.[19]

The United States provided Lebanon with $1.3 million in mine action assistance in its fiscal year 2002.[20] These funds helped Lebanon implement its mine detecting dog program and provided logistical demining training services to the NDO.

On 25 July 2002, Norway donated mechanical demining equipment (MineCat), including spare parts and training, valued at $800,000 to the Lebanese Army. Norway is also funding the technical surveys conducted by MAG in South Lebanon (Aramta, Saydoun and Jezzine). In March 2003, Norway provided funding to NPA in Lebanon in support of its mine risk education and victim assistance programs.

On 30 October 2002, the International Mine Initiative (IMI), a Greek NGO, signed a memorandum of understanding with the NDO for a demining project in South Lebanon. Work has started in the Nabatieh area, with funding of €884,000 ($840,000) from the government of Greece.[21]

On 26 October 2002, Switzerland provided five vehicles to the Landmines Resource Center, which totaled $142,000 and included maintenance costs. In January 2003, Canada awarded $13,000 to the LMRC in support of its mine risk education program. In March 2003, UNOPS granted LMRC $39,978 in support of its community liaison project in South Lebanon.

On 30 July 2002, Lebanon received 20 mine detectors from Germany. In November 2002, China donated to the Lebanese Army 50 mine detectors and 100 protective suits, and will provide a training program. The Czech Republic provided two KMT-6 mine clearance ploughs valued at CZK310,000 (approx. $11,000) to the government of Lebanon.[22] A five-year training program by France for experts from the Lebanese Army continued in 2002.

Donor countries are participating in a “Tree for Mine” project led by the UN, in which embassies provide bilateral assistance to municipalities to plant trees in cleared minefields. Switzerland is helping to plant trees in Shamaa, the Netherlands in Meiss El Jebel, and Sweden in Bayt Yahun.

Mine Clearance[23]

A variety of actors are engaged in mine clearance in Lebanon including the military, commercial operators, NGOs, and peacekeeping forces. There is no consolidated set of statistics for mine clearance in Lebanon for 2002 available to Landmine Monitor.

In 2003, three Lebanese Army companies are conducting mine clearance in West Bekaa, Jezzine, Nabatieh, Abbassiyya and Markaba. A fourth company is divided between Batroun (North Lebanon) and Souk El Gharb (Mount Lebanon). There are a total of 280 deminers in the four companies. The Army also deploys a 25-person Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) team. In addition, the US-funded mine detecting dog program has two platoons of nine dogs each working in clearance and quality assurance.[24] The Lebanese Army uses a mechanical mine clearance vehicle, the Armtrac 100, provided by the US State Department. It also has 250 mine detectors with protective suits, visors and helmets. The Syrian Army deploys 146 deminers in Lebanon to work jointly with the Lebanese Army.

In 2002, the Army reported demining 1.7 million square meters of land, 70 percent of which will allow the construction of new housing for returnees, as well as use of infrastructure and roads. In 2002, the Army reported clearing 7,973 antipersonnel mines, 139 antivehicle mines, and 8,109 UXO.

In 2003, up to 16 May, the Army reported clearing 642 antipersonnel mines, 160 antivehicle mines, and 14,031 bombs and other UXO. From 1998 to 2001, the Army reported clearing 2.2 million square meters of land. The Army reports clearing 38,002 antipersonnel mines, 5,465 antivehicle mines and 56,170 UXO since November 1990.

The Mines Advisory Group has deployed three 18-person national teams to Aramta, Saidoun of Jezzine district (South Lebanon). MAG cleared 27,785 square meters between 18 March 2002 and 1 March 2003, destroying 69 antipersonnel mines, 17 antivehicle mines, and 143 UXO. MAG conducted a technical survey in Bint Jbeil district between March and December 2002, which was initially funded by Norway and UNMAS, then UNOPS.[25] On 18 January 2003, MAG started another technical survey in the districts of Hasbayya and Marjayoun of South Lebanon. It was expected to be completed in August 2003, with the report issued in July 2003. Canada and Japan have contributed to funding this survey.[26]

The International Mine Initiative (IMI) came to Lebanon on 1 November 2002 and started operating on 1 December 2002. It has deployed a 13-person manual demining team, two mine detecting dog teams, and a mechanical clearance team in the Nabatieh area. Between 1 December 2002 and 1 March 2003, IMI cleared 117,265 square meters destroying 90 antipersonnel mines and 74 UXO.

In 2002, BACTEC, a British commercial demining company, conducted demining in South Lebanon as part of “Operation Emirates Solidarity,” funded by the United Arab Emirates. In Lebanon, BACTEC employs 233 staff, including 116 expatriates. It uses four Bozena-3 flails, an Armtrac 100 flail, two bulldozers, two vegetation cutters, and fourteen mine detecting dogs. BACTEC has had five demining casualties since it started operating in Lebanon. During phase one of Operation Emirates Solidarity, from 18 December 2001 to 8 May 2002, BACTEC removed and destroyed 58 antipersonnel mines, eight antivehicle mines and 240 UXO from 299 locations.[27]

MineTech, a commercial demining company from Zimbabwe, employs 84 staff, including 53 expatriates, in Lebanon. MineTech deploys an Armtrac 325 flail, and 20 mine detecting dogs. MineTech has had six demining casualties since it started operating in Lebanon in May 2002.[28]

BACTEC and MineTech were awarded the contract for phase two of Operation Emirates Solidarity, which began in May 2002. Between 6 May 2002 and 27 May 2003, BACTEC and MineTech cleared 3,911,057 square meters of land, removing and destroying 30,904 antipersonnel mines, 1,476 antivehicle mines, and 1,400 UXO. A total of 60 percent of the effort was aimed at clearing infrastructure and areas for the construction of new housing. The remaining 40 percent of the effort cleared agricultural areas near those areas.[29]

ArmorGroup was contracted to provide quality assurance services on behalf of the MACC SL on BACTEC and MineTech between April 2002 and December 2003. ArmorGroup employed six internationals and five Lebanese nationals. In mid-2002, ArmorGroup was also responsible for training and supervising a Lebanese Army 10-man Sampling Team.[30]

Since January 2001, the UN Interim Force in Lebanon has deployed the Ukrainian Army’s Third Engineer Battalion to carry out mine action activities in South Lebanon. In April 2003, the Commander of the Battalion reported that they had detected and destroyed over 2,259 mines and UXO since their operation began, and had surveyed, marked, and fenced 359,428 square meters of mined land. In December 2002, the emphasis of the Battalion’s efforts changed from demining to marking and surveying hazardous areas.[31]

The Faculty of Engineering of the American University of Beirut has initiated a research and development program to evaluate and implement applicable landmine detection technologies. Another project is under development by a team from COSMOS, a Lebanese aeronautic company, on the use of a special species of fluorescent bacteria to detect landmines.

Mine Risk Education[32]

In 2002, members of the National Mine Risk Education Committee continued to implement mine risk education (MRE) programs in Lebanon.[33] The committee is headed by the officer in charge of the MRE section at the NDO. The committee reports that between 1 May 2002 and 1 June 2003 mine risk education activities were conducted in 542 schools in South Lebanon (out of a total of 548 schools) reaching approximately 95,000 (out of 180,000) students in 212 villages (out of 602) in South Lebanon. In total, MRE activities reached as many as 500,000 people out of the 800,000 current inhabitants. UNICEF Lebanon, NPA, World Rehabilitation Fund (WRF) and ICRC funded these activities.

UNICEF Lebanon recruited a Mine Risk Education Project Officer for the period July 2002 to February 2003. MRE activities during the year included school presentations, games, drawing contests, songs and plays, in addition to community-based activities where villagers were involved in different local activities. A billboard campaign took place between September and December 2002 in South Lebanon and West Bekaa, and in two districts of Mount Lebanon. Two new MRE products were produced: a book for farmers including MRE messages and the agricultural calendar, and a game for children. In addition, ICRC assisted the Lebanese Red Cross in producing a new poster and a new leaflet. Training for new MRE activists in Mount Lebanon took place 1-3 November 2002.

The World Rehabilitation Fund provided funding to MRE programs and activities in several areas of Lebanon, especially in South Lebanon and West Bekaa. In 2002, this included production of two children’s awareness games, a student pocket calendar, a children's song emphasizing appropriate behavior in risk areas, a landmine awareness children comic book, four issues of the quarterly newsletter "Khotwa" (Arabic for Step) that specializes in landmine issues, and support to seven MRE sessions for children during summer camps.[34]

MRE operators do not generate clearance requests or collect data on suspect areas in Lebanon. A systematic evaluation of the effectiveness of MRE programs is being planned. The NDO has already approved the idea. The NDO has also started developing national guidelines for MRE.

Landmine Casualties[35]

In 2002, 42 new landmine/UXO/cluster bomb casualties were recorded in Lebanon (four killed and 38 injured). All the casualties were male, except one female who was injured. This represents a significant decrease from the 85 new casualties reported in 2001 (14 killed and 71 injured). Included in the total reported new casualties was a British deminer who lost his leg in a landmine accident on 20 July 2002 in southern Lebanon.[36] Eleven other deminers were also injured in separate accidents.[37]

The majority of casualties in 2002 were inhabitants of South Lebanon, but incidents were also recorded in other parts of the country. Incidents occurred in areas that were already known to be dangerous or suspected, but were not fenced or marked. Of the 42 new casualties, 25 were caused by landmines (including an antivehicle mine), five by grenades, four by cluster bomblets, five by UXO, one by a booby-trap, and two by unidentified objects. Thirteen children, between 3 and 18 years, were injured, many while playing. Adults were injured while engaged in agricultural work or while traveling in a vehicle.

New landmine/UXO casualties continue to be reported in 2003, with five people injured as of March 2003. Landmine incidents also killed a large number of animals, mainly cows and goats, in 2002.

The LMRC continued to record landmine casualties in Lebanon through its network of NGO contacts and focal points in the villages of the south. As of 31 December 2002, the database contained information on a total of 2,784 casualties, including 1,117 people killed and another 1,667 injured. Of the total, 1,388 casualties were reported in South Lebanon and Nabatieh districts. The LMRC has re-visited all landmine survivors and the families of those killed in the South and West Bekaa, in collaboration with the NDO and the National Victim Assistance Committee. The aim is to upgrade the existing LMRC landmine casualties’ database. By April 2003, a total of 1,950 families had been visited, including 1,096 mine survivors.

Survivor Assistance

On 21 October 2001, the NDO established a National Mine Victim Assistance Committee that which includes the major actors in survivor assistance in Lebanon.[38]

Emergency care is not coordinated by a central system and depends mainly on volunteers. The Lebanese Red Cross, the Islamic Health Council and the Al Risala First Aid Service are the main service providers. The Lebanese Red Cross alone has a network of 38 centers and 2,000 volunteers, for the evacuation of landmine casualties, who are taken to the nearest emergency facility. The government normally pays for initial hospital care, either through the Ministry of Health, the National Social Security Fund, the Council of the South, or the Military Hospital (for military personnel only), while funding for long-term hospital care is not available. In certain cases, landmine survivors are obliged to leave the hospital.[39]

Although the Ministry of Health, or the Council of the South, covers the cost of prosthetics, physiotherapy and rehabilitation, the services are not available in government hospitals. NGOs provide the services and are later reimbursed for the costs. However, there are reportedly long delays in repayment of costs to the orthopedic workshops. Amputees requiring a prosthetic device must first be measured at an NGO workshop and then travel to Beirut to obtain approval from the government committee before the device can be fitted. There is reportedly no coordination between the Ministry of Health and the Council of the South.[40]

Norwegian People's Aid (NPA), in cooperation with the NDO, the National Steering Committee on the Land Mine Victims, and the National Steering Committee on Mine Risk Education, continues to provide assistance to landmine survivors in the South and in the Western Bekaa, in addition to awareness activities to the people living in these areas. The program includes several components: emergency and first aid, psychosocial support, prosthetic and orthopedic workshops, physical therapy, and rehabilitation. In 2002, NPA's mine survivor assistance activities included supporting seven First Aid courses; provision of 64 prostheses, 40 silicon sockets, three artificial eyes, 23 wheelchairs, 55 crutches, and five hearing aids; the repair of seven prostheses; 13 home adaptions; supporting 25 income generating projects; equipping a computer training center in Jawayya; and providing two orthopedic workshops with machines and raw materials for the production of prostheses. The budget for the program in 2002 was NOK 2.5 million. For 2003 it has been increased to NOK 3 million. Funding is provided by Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.[41]

The World Rehabilitation Fund supported activities including emergency care and physical, social and economic rehabilitation for landmine survivors, and other persons with disabilities. WRF provided support to six first aid and emergency training workshops and encouraged the decentralization of services and facilitated the provision of essential rehabilitation services to areas where services were non-existent or inaccessible. Rehabilitation equipment and aids were provided to two NGOs in 2002/2003. WRF also addressed the social and economic needs of mine survivors by upgrading their skills and expanding their income generating capacities through the creation of credible, viable and sustainable employment opportunities. The “Development COOP in Jezzine,” which was established in February 2002 with support from WRF, works with 70 people with disabilities, including mine survivors, to enable them to become productive members within their families and communities. In addition, WRF expanded its small enterprise project by providing four landmine survivors with a grant to launch small business projects; two kiosks, one grocery shop, and one electrical accessories shop. UNDP, USAID and the US Leahy War Victims Fund funded these programs.[42]

In October 2002, the Welfare Association for the Handicapped in Nabatieh, a local NGO, received $10,000 from the Near East Foundation for a credit program to assist landmine survivors.

Most actors in survivor assistance in Lebanon agree that more attention is needed on employment and economic reintegration activities.[43] In March 2003, UNICEF invited NGOs to organize vocational training programs for landmine survivors aged between 14 and 18 years. The programs will be financed by funds amounting to US$120,000 received from Canada in 2002 to support landmine victim assistance in Lebanon.[44]

A $2.6 million proposal by the World Health Organization, developed in collaboration with NGOs, to establish a comprehensive victim assistance program has not been implemented due to lack of funds.[45]

Disability Policy and Practice

On 25 May 2000, the “Access and Rights of the Disabled” law was approved by the Parliament; however, the law is not yet effective.[46] The law established the National Disability Council, headed by the Minister of Social Affairs, which aims to ensure that people with disability have access to their rights.

[1] ANNAHAR (Lebanese newspaper), 26 November 2002; also other newspapers on the same day: Al Mustakbal, Al Anwar, and Al Safir. This has been Lebanon’s position for a number of years. See, Letter to Secretary-General of the United Nations Kofi Annan from Mahmoud Hammoud, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Lebanon, Ref: No 11/C.M, 22 January 2001.
[2] Interview with United Arab Emirates representative, South Lebanon, 31 March 2003. The UAE has paid for the explosives, which it obtains from the Czech Republic and Syria.
[3] Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 704.
[4] Interview with General George Massaad, Director, National Demining Office (NDO), Beirut, 8 February 2002.
[5] UN Mine Action Coordination Cell South Lebanon, “Annual Report for 2002,” online version, p. 1.
[6] Presentation by Lt. Col. Kassem Jammoul, Operation Officer, NDO, to a visiting delegation from US Department of State, 6 May 2003.
[7] Interview with General Massaad, Director, National Demining Office, and other NDO personnel (Lt. Col. Kassem Jammoul, Lt. Col. Takieddine Taneer, Maj. Khaled Alieh, and Maj. Marwan Sakr), Hazmieh, 5 May 2003.
[8] Nicholas Blandford, “Interview with the commander of the UN Interim Force in Lebanon Major General Lalit Tewari,” Daily Star (Beirut English language daily newspaper), 6 June 2002.
[9] Interview with Lt. Col. Kassem Jammoul, Operation Officer, NDO, Beirut, 14 November 2002.
[10] Nicholas Blandford, “Interview with ... Major General Lalit Tewari,” Daily Star, 6 June 2002.
[11] Letter to the director of the NDO from Kim Spurway, LIS Program Manager, MAG, 5 May 2003.
[12] Email to Landmine Monitor (HRW) from Lennart Skov-Hansen, DanChurchAid, 21 July 2003.
[13] Interview with Gen. Massaad, Director, NDO, 5 May 2003.
[14] Ibid.
[15] Meeting with Gen. Massaad, Director, NDO, 28 March 2003.
[16] LMRC community liaison reports to UAE and UNOPS, May 2002–March 2003.
[17] See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 705. According to the NDO, these requests are usually directed to the high command office of the Lebanese Army through a bureaucratic channel of commands that start at the Army base nearest to the community concerned; an effort is underway to improve the process for filing assistance requests. Interview with Gen. Massaad, Director, NDO, 5 May 2003.
[18] Unless otherwise noted, information in this section was provided by the NDO.
[19] See individual country reports in Landmine Monitor Report 2003. In some cases, funding is for country’s fiscal year, not the calendar year. Landmine Monitor did currency exchanges and rounded off numbers.
[20] US Department of State, “To Walk the Earth in Safety,” September 2002.
[21] Telephone interview by Landmine Monitor/Europe with Dimitrios Skoutas, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Greece, 25 July 2003; email from Dimitrios Skoutas, 28 July 2003.
[22] Ibid; Czech Republic response to Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe questionnaire, 13 December 2002, p. 3.
[23] Unless otherwise noted, the National Demining Office provided the information in this section. Much of the information is from a presentation by NDO given on 17 March 2003, and from Engineering Regiment data provided to Landmine Monitor by NDO on 8 July 2003.
[24] Email to Landmine Monitor (HRW) from Kerei Ruru, Operations Officer, UNIFIL, 21 July 2003. This team consists of eight MDD Supervisors, two MDD Team Leaders, 18 MDD Handlers and two MDD Handler Trainers.
[25] Coordination meeting at MACC SL, Tyre, 4 January 2003.
[26] Interview with Gen. Massaad, NDO, 5 May 2003. Tasked by MACC SL, LMRC is executing the community liaison work for MAG under the terms of this survey.
[27] Ibid; email from Kerei Ruru, UNIFIL, 21 July 2003.
[28] Ibid.
[29] Email from Kerei Ruru, UNIFIL, 21 July 2003; Presentation by Lt. Col. Kassem Jammoul, NDO, 6 May 2003.
[30] Email from Kerei Ruru, UNIFIL, 21 July 2003.
[31] Nicholas Blandford, “Interview with ... Major General Lalit Tewari,” Daily Star, 6 June 2002. In June and July 2002, Ukraine created a new demining unit, trained at the demining center at Kamenets Podolsky. It deployed soon after as the Mine Action Task Force (MATF) in UNIFIL. From July 2002–January 2003 the unit surveyed over 15,600 square meters of territory near Ad Duhayrah, Yarin, and Blida in south Lebanon, clearing 30 mines and UXO. MATF Report, January 2003.
[32] The information in this section was gathered for Landmine Monitor by the LMRC, NDO and the National Mine Risk Education Committee.
[33] The committee includes the Landmines Resource Center, ICRC, Lebanese Red Cross, UNICEF, World Rehabilitation Fund, Islamic Health Council, Islamic Al Rissala Scouts Association, Lebanese Welfare Association for the Handicapped, Lebanese Welfare Association for the Injured and Disabled of War, Welfare Association for the Handicap in Nabatieh, Vision Association for Development, Rehabilitation and Care in Bekaa, National Center for Development and Rehabilitation in Mount Lebanon, NPA, and the Ministry of Social Affairs and the Ministry of Education.
[34] Letter from Suzanne Halal Al Amine, World Rehabilitation Fund, 30 April 2003.
[35] All information in this section is taken from the Landmine Resource Center database.
[36] Rodeina Kenaan, “British sapper loses leg in southern Lebanon landmine explosion,” Associated Press, 20 July 2002.
[37] Email from Kerei Ruru, UNIFIL, 21 July 2003.
[38] Committee members include: WHO, the Ministry of Social Affairs, the Ministry of Health, the Council of the South, LMRC, ICRC, the Lebanese Red Cross, UNICEF, WRF, the Islamic Health Council, the Islamic Al Rissala Scouts Association, the Lebanese Welfare Association for the Disabled, the Welfare Association for the Disabled in Nabatieh, the Vision Association for Development, Rehabilitation & Care in Bekaa, the Welfare Association for the Care of the Injured and Disabled of War in Lebanon and NPA.
[39] See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 710; see also Landmine Survivors Network (LSN), “Victim Assistance Programs in Yemen and Lebanon – 2002: A guide to organizations working with landmine survivors,” p. 13.
[40] LSN, “Victim Assistance Programs in Yemen and Lebanon,” pp. 13-14.
[41] Email to Landmine Monitor (NPA) from Desk Officer, Norwegian People's Aid, 19 June 2003.
[42] Letter from Suzanne Halal Al Amine, WRF, 30 April 2003; Landmine Monitor Report 2002, pp. 710-711.
[43] LSN, “Victim Assistance Programs in Yemen and Lebanon,” p. 15.
[44] UNICEF, NDO, National Committee Meeting, 28 March 2003.
[45] For details, see: www.mineaction.org/countries/_projects.cfm?pro_ID=302&country_id=507.
[46] See Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 711.