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European Community, Landmine Monitor Report 2004

European Community

The 2003 European Community contribution to mine action in the world is of both financial and strategic nature. In order to appreciate both features one must start from the wider picture and then gradually focus on the year’s operations.

The widest picture is provided by the overall EU (EC plus Member States) contribution to mine action since the entry into force of the Mine Ban Treaty. From the 1st of March 1999 until 2003, the EU showed a sustained commitment to the mine issues by steadily increasing its funding. The total EU support to the fight against Landmines over those five years reached the record figure of €688,381,434.

This represents almost one third of the total world-wide assistance generated since 1997, amounting to US $ 2 billion over seven years.

This financial effort has consistently been accompanied by the political commitment to the universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty and to its processes.

The second framework is represented by the EC APL multi-annual Strategies and Programming, which integrate and complement annual and multi-annual commitments to be undertaken in a mainstreamed way, under geographic instruments. This approach ensures that the policies and budget specifically intended to pursue the achievement of the objectives of the Mine Ban Treaty are utilized in full coherence with the significant funds being committed to respond to the complex humanitarian, security, socio-economic and development needs of the local populations and are used in synergy with related programs.

The underlying principle of these Strategies is that the EC efforts in this field should be directly related to the goals set by the international community and that the EC can be best appreciated for its catalyzing capacity.

Their value is further enhanced by their capacity to offer a common platform to EU Member States to co-ordinate and focus efforts and assistance on common objectives.

The Multi-annual Strategy and Programming for 2002-2004 addressed the mine problems in 33 countries and was endowed with a Community budget of €125,745 million of which €42,897,125 for 2003.

The figure of €125,745 represented an increase of 44.3 percent compared with the total EC contribution during the previous three years (€87 million) when the EC had not yet a dedicated APL legal and budgetary instrument, complementing mainstreamed assistance.

Under the 2002-2004 Strategy, priorities addressed threat reduction and capacity building.

Thus, over those three years the EC focused its assistance both on mine threat alleviation projects such as mine clearance, risk education and stockpile destruction, as well as on structural capacity building, so as to raise the level of mine action management capacity in mine affected countries. Such structural investments have to be made as early as possible in the life of a program in order to bring about optimal efficiency on further mine action activities. Within the context of the Mine Ban Treaty this support was intended to lay the necessary foundations for the second lap of the Ottawa Convention regime coinciding with new round of Action resulting from the First Review Conference.

In the years covered by the 2002-2004 Strategy, among other capacity building activities, the EC massively supported all nine Landmine Impact Surveys carried out. We expect from the LIS considerable enhancement of the decision making and priority setting of local mine action and related capacity and efficiency of local management.

The EC contribution in 2003 is thus just one element of that wider picture.

Its amount total €42,897,125 and its details are described below:

Caucasus & Central Asia

Afghanistan, €12,000,000. Integrated mine action. The objectives of this integrated program are to support EC-financed reconstruction projects through mine clearance activities, to reduce the threat of mines and other unexploded ordnances from the mine affected areas in Afghanistan in order to allow the safe return of refugees and displaced people to their homes and the resumption of essential economic activities in the country, and to provide training as well as to coordinate mine action through the Mine Action Centre for Afghanistan (MACA).

Armenia, €1,400,000. Landmine Impact Survey. This project consists of an integrated program, which includes a landmine impact survey, a technical survey, training and technical assistance to the Armenian National Centre for De-mining, mine risk education and victim assistance.

Azerbaijan, €1,350,000. Mine action capacity building & mine clearance. The principal goal of this project is to enable the Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action (ANAMA) to attain sustainable skills, knowledge and resources so that it can reduce the mine/UXO contaminated land and casualties in the most appropriate ways, thereby boosting the local economy.

Northern Caucasus, €170,000. Mine awareness education for children in the Northern Caucasus. In the light of the UNICEF Mine Action Strategy 2002-2005, this project will ensure that communities in Chechnya as well as IDP communities in Ingushetia (with focus on children and youths) are not only aware of the risks of mines and UXOs, but also encouraged to behave in a way which reduces the risk to people, property and the environment. The ultimate objective is to contribute to the reduction of the risk to a level whereby people can carry on their daily life safely.


Burma / Myanmar, €500,000. Integrated mine action. The main aim is to ensure that mine victims in Myanmar receive proper prosthetic treatments. Complementary objectives will be, among others, to promote compliance with international humanitarian law and respect for the civilian population by the parties concerned, to initiate a community-based mine-awareness program and to provide materials and training.

Cambodia, €460,000. Mine clearance in Battambang and Pailin.

Lao People Democratic Republic, €275,000. UXO awareness raising, humanitarian UXO clearance and mine victims assistance concerning 10,500 individuals, 53 remote villages in Boulapha and Yommalath districts, Khammouane Province.

Sri Lanka:

€1,239,000. Mine Clearance combined with minefield survey, to ensure the safety of returnees and resident populations and to contribute to the socio-economic recovery of the North and East Province of Sri Lanka.

€2,240,000. Mine Risk Education / Mine Survey, demarcation, mapping/ Mine Clearance/ Care for landmine victims to mitigate risks presented by mines and UXO to returnees and resident populations and to support mine victims.

€600,000. De-mining and Completion of national survey and production of integrated work-plan for high priority mine clearance in the country for 2004-2006 for the benefit of 2,635,351 returnees and residents. Manual and mechanical mine-clearance in Jaffna, including de-mining training. UXO bulk demolition and destruction in situ. Ambulance service for mine victims. Location: Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu, Vavunya, Mannar, Trincomalee, Batticaloa, Ampara and Polonnaruwa districts.

€400,000. Surveys & Mine Risk Education Surveys and mine risk education for 200,000 beneficiaries: Level 1 surveys, mine risk education, technical survey and fencing, emergency mine clearance. Location: Vanni region: Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu districts and Vavuniya north.

€600,000. De-mining & Mine Risk Education. Mine field surveys, mine risk education, manual and mechanical mine-clearance in the Vanni region: Kilinochchi, Mullaitivu districts and Vavuniya north.

€300,000. Mine Risk Education. Mine awareness for the benefit of 260,000 IDPs and resident populations, especially children and women: community-based MRE activities, MRE in schools through training of teachers and provision of educational material, building up of local MRE capacity, development of mass media campaign; support to 250 mine-victims. Location: Jaffna, Kilinocchi, Mullaitivu, Vavunya, Mannar, Trincomalee and Batticaloa districts.

€100,000. Mine victim assistance. Revival of the Mine victims rehabilitation center: production and distribution of prostheses, orthoses and other assistive devices, as well as physiotherapy services, occupational therapy and psychosocial/psychiatric counseling. Location: Batticaloa

€240,000. Mine Risk Education Mine Risk Education Activities (MRE) for 370,000 IDPs and 240,000 local community members; establishment of a MRE training capacity and development of a mass media strategy for MRE; survivor assistance. Location: Jaffna, Vanni, Vavunija, Trincomalee.

Middle East


€4,470,000 Humanitarian Mine Action Mines and UXO Clearance in Southern Iraq

€700,000. Humanitarian Mine Action Mines and UXO clearance in Baghdad

€700,000. Humanitarian Mine Action Mines and UXO clearance in central and northern Iraq

€2,000,000. Humanitarian Mine Action Mine clearance

€2,000,000. Landmine Impact Survey & Mine action capacity building Contribution to the UNDP’s Thematic Trust Fund for Crisis Prevention and Recovery (TTF). UNDP plans to provide mine action support in Iraq in the following areas: Institutional Support to the Iraqi Mine Action Authorities, Operational Capacity Development and Supporting Specific Mine Action Activities.

Lebanon, €504,309. Humanitarian mine action to alleviate the risk to life and development constraints posed by mine/UXO contamination within South Lebanon. Location: Saidoun village.


Angola €1,169,970. Humanitarian De-Mining Activities through NGOs; €1,500,000. Landmine Impact Survey. The survey is to be further funded by several donors and is to be finalized in 2005.

Democratic Republic Of Congo, €986,585. Mine clearance in the Katanga province

Erithrea, €300,000. Landmine Impact Survey. UNDP will complete the Landmine Impact Survey in Eritrea and have the survey published in 2004.

Guinea Bissau, €600,000. Mine clearance in the capital area

Mozambique, €1,000,000. Capacity building. The aim of this project is to develop sustainable national capacity at the National De-mining Institute (IND). The main activities of the project will focus on: i) improving planning and evaluation through the introduction of techniques used in the general development sector; ii) restart and implement a national mine risk education program; iii) and, train and deploy a southern region quality control capacity.


€1,046,261. Emergency Mine Action Response in Nuba Mountains, to reduce direct and indirect impact of APL on civil population by ensuring safe access to key locations through de-mining activities. Capacity building of local NGO in De-mining.

€2,000,000. SLIRI II phase. The SLIRI project aims to establish a comprehensive information network throughout all potentially mine-affected areas of Sudan in order to access accurate landmine- and UXO-related information. These cross-conflict data-gathering networks gather relevant information on individual landmine and UXO incidents involving humans and/or livestock, of confirmed minefield locations and of land which is unused as a result of the actual or suspected presence of landmines.

€500,000. Technical survey. The technical survey teams will survey all major routes and all known Dangerous Areas (marked in the IMSMA Data Base) throughout the area and either verify or discredit the presence of mines so that an appropriate follow-up on clearance assets may be tasked with a definite clearance objective.


Bosnia & Herezgovina:

€660,000. Mine clearance and de-mining capacity building. De-mining activities in support to the return of refugees and internally displaced persons in BiH (a priority for EC assistance in the sector 'Democratic Stabilisation'). Implementation of the second phase of the Exit strategy for creation of sustainable de-mining capacities within the Federation BiH.

€340,000. Mine clearance and de-mining capacity building. De-mining activities in support to the return of refugees and internally displaced persons in BiH (a priority for EC assistance in the sector 'Democratic Stabilisation'). Implementation of the second phase of the Exit strategy for creation of sustainable de-mining capacities within the Republic Srpska BiH.

Croatia, amount not yet decided. The de-mining budget is linked to the support of other infrastructure and economic projects still to be decided.


Worldwide, €500,000. Mine ban awareness. The aim of this program is to persuade armed non-state actors (NSAs) in Colombia and the Middle East not to use antipersonnel (AP) mines under any circumstances and to commit themselves to a total AP mine ban, specifically through the signing and implementation of Geneva Call’s Deed of Commitment.

EC Joint Research Centre (JRC). Representation of the European Commission in International Test and Evaluation Program (ITEP); Hosting ITEP Secretariat, participation in Executive Committee, Board of Directors and Subgroups. Leading the establishment of CEN (Comité Européen Normes) Workshop Agreement 14747:2003 which standardizes Tests and Evaluation for metal detectors. Performing verification studies of CWA in laboratory and blind field trials with existing and novel detectors. (esp. ITEP project with BAM).

EC JRC, €10,000. Publication of a field handbook on metal detectors for de-mining. Provision of Ispra test facility and web database of results (inc. use by 5FP project DEMAND). Workshop for T and E of radar in de-mining. Support to EUDEM2-SCOT conference. Research in soil properties, data fusion, IR imaging etc. with numerous scientific papers and reports.

Intersessional Meetings - Geneva: February & May 2003. €36,000, Interpretation Contribution by the European Commission, of the cost of the services of 6 interpreters, at the 'Works on Mechanism Inter-sessions of the Ottawa Convention' Meeting (February & May 2003).

Total EC: €42,897,125