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Country Reports
Azerbaijan, Landmine Monitor Report 2004


Key developments since May 2003: A national Landmine Impact Survey was completed in June 2003 and published in December 2003. It found that 18 of the 65 districts in Azerbaijan are contaminated by landmines and UXO. In 2003, the two national demining NGOs and ANAMA continued clearance operations, with the NGOs reporting clearance of some 1.3 million square meters of land. According to ANAMA, 2,367 people received mine risk education training in 2003. In May 2004, the Azerbaijan Landmine Victims Association was established to provide social support to landmine survivors.

Key developments since 1999: In 2000, the civilian Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action developed a National Mine Action Plan, initiated a National Mine Database, purchased equipment and trained deminers. Demining operations started in July 2000. A limited Level One Survey was completed in the Fizuli region in 2000. Two national demining NGOs were established in 2000. With UNDP assistance, an Azeri National Strategic Plan for mine action was adopted in October 2001. A national Landmine Impact Survey was initiated in September 2002 and completed in June 2003. At least 153,000 people attended mine risk education sessions held between 1999 and 2002. The LIS identified a total of 1,215 mine/UXO casualties. From 1999 to July 2004, ANAMA recorded 172 new mine/UXO casualties.

Mine Ban Policy

Azerbaijan has not acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty. In January 2004, a Ministry of Foreign Affairs official told national ban campaigners that the issue of joining the Mine Ban Treaty is not on the government’s agenda.[1] The long-held reason given by the government for not joining is the need to resolve the ongoing territorial conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia.[2] In May 2003, the Director of the Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action (ANAMA), Nazim Ismayilov, said the government is also reluctant to join the treaty until border countries such as Iran and Russia have joined.[3]

Azerbaijan participated only marginally in the Ottawa Process that led to the Mine Ban Treaty. In 1996, it voted in support of the first pro-mine ban UN General Assembly resolution, urging states to pursue vigorously an international agreement banning antipersonnel landmines. But since then, it has been one of the small number of countries to abstain from voting on every annual UNGA resolution calling for universalization of the Mine Ban Treaty. The 2002 and 2003 abstentions came despite a commitment made in November 2002 to ban campaigners by Araz Azimov, the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, that the government would support future pro-ban UNGA resolutions.[4]

Azerbaijan has participated as an observer in two of the five annual Meetings of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty (in 2000 and in 2002), as well as a few of the treaty’s intersessional Standing Committee meetings (in May 2002 and February 2004). Regionally, Azerbaijan has attended landmines meetings held in Kyrgyzstan (November 2003) (the officials did not participate) and Georgia (December 1999).[5] Government representatives participated in a seminar on the Mine Ban Treaty held in Baku on 27 February 2004.[6] The mine action agency ANAMA has convened several briefing for donors that government officials have also attended, most recently on 10 March 2004.[7]

The Azerbaijan Campaign to Ban Landmines (AzCBL) undertook a variety of activities in 2003 and 2004 in support of the landmine ban. It organized several media briefings and met with government officials, members of the Parliament, NGOs, and others; issued monthly bulletins; published appeals for the 2003 presidential candidates to support the Mine Ban Treaty; and encouraged joint accession to the Mine Ban Treaty by Azerbaijan and Armenia as a confidence building measure, following the positive example of Greece and Turkey. AzCBL organized a landmines seminar on 1 June 2004 attended by governmental officials, the Ombudsman’s office, ANAMA, and other NGOs.[8]

Production, Transfer, Stockpiling, Use

Azerbaijan does not produce or export antipersonnel mines and does not permit the transfer of mines through territory under its control.[9] Azerbaijan’s landmine stockpile is a legacy of the Soviet era, but the number and types of landmines held is not known.[10]

Landmines were used by all sides during the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, and sporadically after the signing of the armistice in May 1994.[11] The majority of the mines used were of Soviet origin, although Italian mines were also deployed.[12] Landmine Monitor has not recorded any substantiated reports of new antipersonnel mine use since it started reporting in 1999.

Landmine Problem and Survey

Azerbaijan’s landmine problem is largely a result of the conflict with Armenia from 1988-1994, but abandoned Soviet-era munition dumps and unexploded ordnance (UXO) also pose a significant threat.[13] A Landmine Impact Survey (LIS) by the Survey Action Center (SAC) and the International Euroasia Trust Fund (IEPF) indicated that 18 of 65 districts in Azerbaijan were contaminated by landmines and UXO.[14] More than half of the affected communities were located in Fizuli region in the west of Azerbaijan near Nagorno-Karabakh and in the region of Aghstafa in the northwest, where a Soviet army base was formerly located. The survey did not cover the occupied territories of Nagorno-Karabakh, the Nakhchivan region, or small areas denied access by the military.

The survey found that 643 communities were affected: 480 were found to be mine-impacted and another 163 were affected by both mines and UXO from former Soviet military bases.[15] The survey identified 11 communities as high-impact, with at least one casualty in the past two years, 101 as medium-impact, and 368 as low-impact. The LIS identified 51 casualties from the two-year period prior to the survey. The contaminated areas are believed to affect an estimated 514,000 inhabitants.

The Landmine Impact Survey was carried out between September 2002 and June 2003, and published in December 2003.[16] The International Eurasia Press Fund acted as the implementing agency, while a SAC team based in Baku provided oversight and monitoring, and trained IEPF staff to plan and conduct the survey in the Azeri language. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), UN Mine Action Service (UNMAS), and ANAMA provided logistical and technical support, while the European Commission (EC) funded the survey.[17] In a hand-over ceremony held on 29 September 2003, SAC provided ANAMA with approximately $320,000 worth of equipment used to conduct the survey, including vehicles, metal detectors, medical supplies, and computers.[18]

Previously, in 1998, BACTEC International[19] and the AZBCL conducted surveys of the mine problem in the Fizuli region. In 2001, the International Eurasia Press Fund carried out a limited level one (general) survey on the territory of 11 districts.[20]

Mine Action Coordination, Planning, and Funding

The civilian-led governmental Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action was established 18 July 1998, initially under the name of the Azerbaijan National Agency for Demining, and took over responsibility for mine clearance in the country from the Ministry of Defense.[21] In 2003 and 2004, ANAMA continued to serve as the national agency responsible for coordinating all aspects of mine action within Azerbaijan. The UN planned to hand over the management of mine action operations to ANAMA by the end of 2003,[22] but by September 2004 the transfer had not yet taken place.

An Azeri National Strategic Plan adopted in October 2001 creates a basic mine action capacity for dealing with the problem in accessible areas, while ANAMA also uses an annual work plan, in which clearance priorities are set.[23] The results of the Landmine Impact Survey are currently being analyzed and incorporated into the National Strategic Plan.[24] Only ANAMA has access to the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA).[25]

According to ANAMA, in 2003, mine action funding for Azerbaijan totaled approximately $5.5 million, including $203,417 from the government of Azerbaijan and $155,000 from UNDP.[26] Other donations reported by ANAMA were from the European Community (€1.35 million), the United Kingdom ($250,000), and Italy ($400,000). ANAMA reported mine action funding of $3.2 million in 2002, including at least $259,000 from the government.[27]

According to information they provided to Landmine Monitor, four donors provided about $5.6 million to mine action in Azerbaijan in 2003.[28] The United States contributed almost $3.2 million to Azerbaijan in its fiscal year 2003 ($1.6 million from the State Department and $1.59 million from the Defense Department). Others included: the European Community (€1.35 million, or $1.53 million), the Netherlands ($650,000), and Italy ((€200,000, or $226,300). Canada provided US$9,998 to the Azerbaijan Campaign to Ban Landmines.

Between 1999 and 2003, approximately $19.9 million was donated to mine action activities in Azerbaijan, including $1,236,000 for the Landmine Impact Survey. According to information in previous Landmine Monitor reports, mine action funding totaled about $2.3 million in 1999-2000, $5.5 million in 2001, and $6.5 million in 2002.

Mine Clearance

In 2003, two national NGOs, Relief Azerbaijan and the International Eurasia Press Fund, continued to conduct mine survey and clearance in Agjabedi, Agstafa, Fizuli, and Khanlar regions. Both were established in 2000. ANAMA also conducted demining.

The IEPF employed 66 persons in 2003, including 40 field staff and 26 administrative staff.[29] IEPF reported that in 2003 it cleared 560,349 square meters of land, including 360,283 square meters manually, destroying 24 antipersonnel mines and 126 UXO, and 200,066 square meters through Mine Detection Dog operations, destroying seven antipersonnel mines and eleven UXO.[30]

Relief Azerbaijan reported clearing 735,117 square meters of land in 2003, (343,788 square meters manually and 391,329 square meters using mine detecting dogs) destroying 15 antipersonnel mines, two antivehicle mines and 57 UXO. Relief Azerbaijan surveyed 1,326,825 square meters of affected land in the Fizuli, Agstafa, Agjabedi regions.[31]

Clearance statistics reported by and attributed to ANAMA vary wildly. In a March 2004 briefing for donors, ANAMA indicated it had cleared more than 1 million square meters, including 70,000 square meters for power lines, 200,000 square meters containing water channels and water supply systems, 5,200 square meters of roads, and 778,000 square meters of residential property, directly benefiting more than 100,000 people.[32] Yet, media articles state that ANAMA reported clearing 4 million square meters of land in 2003,[33] and 7.3 million square meters between 2000 and January 2004.[34] These statistics may refer to battle area clearance of unexploded ordnance as opposed to minefield clearance. In 2003, measures were taken to improve casualty evacuation and first aid procedures, and ANAMA staff also received training for the Information Management System for Mine Action (IMSMA).[35]

As of April 2004, ANAMA employed 107 deminers and 15 mine detecting dogs.[36] From January to February 2004, ANAMA reportedly demined 516,670 square meters of land, finding one antipersonnel mine, two antivehicle mines, and 580 UXO.[37] It was reported that in April 2004, ANAMA deminers cleared 280,088 square meters of land containing 304 mines and UXO. The team consisted of ten mine detection dogs, 82 deminers, fifteen operators, eight physicians, and nearly 40 auxiliary workers.[38]

Mine Risk Education

In 2003 and 2004, ANAMA and IEPF conducted mine risk education (MRE) in Azerbaijan. According to ANAMA’s MRE team leader, 2,367 people received MRE training in 2003.[39] At least 150,633 people attended MRE sessions held between 1999 and 2002.[40]

In July and August 2003, ANAMA implemented an MRE project financed and in cooperation with the U.S. European Command in 13 villages in the Fizuli, Agjabedi, Agdam, Terter, Goranboy, Khanlar, Tovuz, Agstafa, Gazakh and Barda regions.[41] A total of 360 locals, including municipal heads, executive representatives, and school headmasters, were trained in MRE and they subsequently coordinated training programs for an additional 32,658 persons. The project distributed posters, brochures, T-shirts, and notebooks.[42]

The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) conducted mine risk education in Azerbaijan from October 1996 until March 2000, when it handed over its program to ANAMA, donating about 4,000 MRE materials produced in 1997-1998.[43] In September 2003, MRE team members from ANAMA took part in an IMSMA-related training conducted by the Geneva International Center for Humanitarian Demining.[44] In addition, in July-August 2004, the MRE Team Leader participated in a one-month Senior Mine Action Managers Course, organized by Cranfield University (UK).[45] ANAMA continues its effort to integrate MRE into the secondary school curriculum of the frontline districts.[46]

In 2003, the IEPF conducted mine risk education seminars for 300 families in Gushgara village and 155 families in Sevinj settlement, both of which are located near the mine clearance operation in Khanlar district.[47] At the end of the training sessions, IEPF staff distributed MRE brochures and booklets.

Researchers were unable to monitor the activities of medicine and health employees and volunteers who participated in the MRE training programs.[48] When questioned about the effectiveness of the program after two mine accidents in an area that had received MRE, ANAMA Chief Technical Consultant responded, “People do not want to learn mine risk education.”[49] An external evaluation of ANAMA’s MRE program took place in September 2002.[50] Measures taken as a result of the evaluation included the establishment of 47 community-based MRE committees in targeted districts of Terter, Khanlar and Aghdam; the inclusion of MRE in local mine action; and a Memorandum of Understanding between ANAMA, UNICEF and the Ministry of Education signed on 11 May 2004, to allow 560 teachers to take responsibility for teaching MRE.[51] ANAMA indicates that it has never conducted any assessment of knowledge, attitudes, practices and behaviors (KAPB).[52]

Landmine Casualties

There are conflicting reports on the number of new landmine casualties in Azerbaijan in 2003. ANAMA recorded 28 new mine and UXO casualties, of which 14 people were killed and 14 injured; 26 were men and two were children.[53] This represents a significant increase from the 17 new mine/UXO casualties (nine killed and eight injured) recorded by ANAMA in 2002.[54] The increase is reportedly due to internally displaced persons returning to their homes and the establishment of new settlements.[55]

The AzCBL recorded 39 new mine and UXO casualties in 2003, of which 14 were killed and 35 injured; at least 18 were military personnel, and two were children. Casualties were reported in the regions of Agdam, Agjabedi, Agstafa, Fizuli, Gadabay, Goranboy, Gazakh, Tovuz, Ter-Ter, and Murov Mountain.[56] Casualties in 2003, include a resident of Afshar village in Agjabedi region killed on 18 September by an antitank mine while he was grazing cattle,[57] and a man who lost his foot on 7 December in a landmine incident in Shukurbeyli village.[58]

According to the Committee of Soldiers’ Families, there were 18 landmine casualties among members of Azerbaijan’s Armed Forces in 2003,[59] although only ten were reported in the media. On 23 July 2003, two officers were killed and two soldiers injured in a mine incident in Alibeyli village in the Tovuz region.[60] On 5 August 2003, two officers and three soldiers were killed by a landmine in the Goranboy region near the border with Nagorno-Karabakh. Another soldier was killed by a mine on 6 August 2003 in Agdam region.[61]

Casualties continue to be reported in 2004. ANAMA reported that landmines had killed eleven people and injured twelve others to July.[62] Casualties include two boys aged 11 and 12 killed on 14 February by a landmine in the Fizuli region while tending their sheep.[63] On 30 March, three refugees from Nagorno-Karabakh were injured and another one killed by a landmine in the Aghdam region.[64] An antivehicle mine exploded on 24 April, killing one person and injuring another.[65] On 14 May, an antivehicle mine killed four officers from the State Border Service in Fizuli district and injured two others.[66] On 11 June, a soldier lost his arm in a landmine blast while weeding in the village of Qapanli in Ter-Ter District.[67]

ANAMA reported that no deminers were killed or injured during 2003.[68] On 3 July 2001, a deminer with Relief Azerbaijan lost two fingers of his right hand as a result of a mine accident.[69] Only two deminers with ANAMA have reportedly been injured since clearance operations began.[70]

The total number of landmine casualties in Azerbaijan remains unclear. From 1999 to 2003, ANAMA reported 149 mine/UXO casualties (42 killed and 107 injured).[71] The Landmine Impact Survey identified a total of 1,215 mine/UXO casualties (445 killed and 770 injured), including 1,164 mine/UXO casualties prior to 2000; of the 52 “recent” casualties (2000-2002), most were herders and farmers.[72] In March 2004, a government official stated that since the beginning of the war, 333 people had been killed and 948 injured by landmines.[73] Data from the Karabakh Invalids’s Society indicates that more than 7,806 people were disabled during the conflict; more than 70 percent are reportedly mine survivors.[74]

There are also mine survivors in Azerbaijan from the war between the former USSR and Afghanistan, although the total number is not known.

Since August 1991, there have been over 200 UXO casualties reported, including 75 people killed, from explosions of UXO stored at former Soviet Army ammunition depots.[75] The largest depot is in Saloglu region in the northwest of the country, while other sites are located in Agstafa, Gazakh, Khanlar, and Tovuz regions.[76]

Survivor Assistance

Medical and surgical facilities in Azerbaijan are believed to be adequate to treat mine casualties. Hospitals reportedly provide experienced physicians and ambulance services. All medical and rehabilitation expenses for mine survivors and other persons with disabilities are covered by the Ministry of Health and the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection (MOLASP).[77] In 2003, surgeons from Azerbaijan participated in the ICRC’s annual war surgery seminar in Moscow.[78]

The Landmine Impact Survey, completed in June 2003, found that of 43 recent survivors, 38 (88 percent) received some form of emergency care at the time of the incident, and ten (23 percent) received rehabilitation, usually in the form of prostheses. Seven percent, or three survivors, reported receiving no treatment or care. No survivors reported receiving vocational training since the incident.[79]

The government-run Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center in Baku has the capacity to assist 7,000-8,000 people each year, free-of-charge, providing physical rehabilitation, prostheses, orthoses, and other assistive devices. The center has about 15,000 patients on its register, including about 5,000 war-disabled. In 2003, the center produced 2,000 prostheses (830 for mine survivors). In 2003, 151 people attended the center for the first time, including 49 landmine survivors. In 2002, 111 people attended the center for the first time, including 56 mine survivors.[80]

The ICRC supports two orthopedic centers in Azerbaijan with equipment, tools, components, technical advice and training for technicians; the Nakhchivan orthopedic center (since 2002), and the Ganja branch of the Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center which opened on 15 February 2003 and employs two ICRC-trained technicians. The ICRC also supported the Darnagul Prosthetic-Orthotic Center in Baku until it closed on 31 December 2001. Between 1999 and 2001, the center produced 1,211 prostheses (186 for mine survivors). In July 2001, seven technicians graduated from three-year ICRC-supported training to become the first Azeri orthopedic technicians with internationally recognized ISPO Category II qualifications.[81] In 2003, the Ganja Branch assisted 303 people and produced 115 prostheses, 174 orthoses, and various other assistive devices. About one third of people visiting the center are mine survivors.[82]

The MOLASP-supported Rehabilitation Center of Invalids of the Republic was established in 1986 as the first comprehensive rehabilitation center in the region providing medical and physical rehabilitation, diagnostics, and psychosocial support. The center assists veterans from the Afghan and Karabakh conflicts, and civilians. In a program funded by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) facilities have been upgraded and new equipment supplied to improve rehabilitation services. The number of mine survivors coming to the Center has reportedly increased over the last few years. In 2003, approximately 200 out of the 589 people referred to the center were mine survivors.[83]

On 27 March 2003, ANAMA organized the first meeting of the Mine Victim Assistance Working Group which includes representatives of relevant government ministries, and non-governmental and international organizations operating in Azerbaijan. Meetings are now held every two to three months. The aim of the working group is to develop a long-term mine victim assistance program. ANAMA has a Mine Victims Assistance Specialist to coordinate activities. In August 2003, ANAMA launched a pilot survey in Fizuli to assess the needs of mine survivors; 65 were interviewed. In May 2004, a five-month countrywide needs assessment survey was started, with funding from the European Commission, to determine priorities for future mine survivor assistance projects.[84]

In May 2003, the AzCBL implemented a 13-month study in eight districts of Azerbaijan, including Baku, Barda, Beylagan, Bilasuvar, Ganja, Saatli, Sabirabad, and Sumgayit, to identify the needs of mine survivors in the country. The project was funded by a grant from the International Trust Fund for Demining and Mine Victims Assistance in Slovenia through Standing Tall Australia (STAIRRSS). The project team included mine survivors who identified other mine survivors and the families of those killed in mine incidents. As of the end of April 2004, data was collected on 483 landmine survivors and on 127 families of those killed in a landmine explosion. A total of 382 survivors completed the survey questionnaire. Seminars were held in each district to inform mine survivors of their rights and the assistance available; 339 people participated in the seminars. On 1 June 2004, a seminar was held in Baku to present the final results of the survey. More than 60 people attended, including representatives from government ministries and political parties, Civil Defense, ANAMA, international and local NGOs, and the media.[85]

The study found that mine survivors in Azerbaijan are faced with many problems which limit their socio-economic reintegration after a mine incident. The provision of psychological support appears to be less well-developed than medical or physical rehabilitation. Of the 382 mine survivors surveyed, only 78 (20 percent) received psychological support after the mine explosion; 354 survivors (93 percent) expressed a need for on-going psychosocial support. Other problems identified include a lack of adequate housing, a lack of employment opportunities, a lack of an adequate income to meet basic needs, and poor access to medical care.[86]

As a direct result of the project, the Azerbaijan Landmine Victims Association (ALVA) was established to provide on-going social support to landmine survivors. As of the end of May 2004, ALVA had 23 members. Future programs are dependent on donor funding.[87]

One mine survivor from Azerbaijan participated in the Raising the Voices training in Geneva in February 2004; he is now head of ALVA with support from the AzCBL.

Disability Policy and Practice

The April 1997 Law of Prevention of Disability, Rehabilitation of Persons with Disability and their Social Protection applies to all persons with disabilities in Azerbaijan, including mine survivors.[88] In 2003, the government of Azerbaijan allocated a total of 24 billion Manat (US$5 million) to the needs of persons with disabilities.[89]

[1] Interview with Garay Muradov, Head of Disarmament and Weapon Control Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 13 January 2004; Azerbaijan Campaign to Ban Landmines (AzCBL), “Information Bulletin No.9,” 2003.
[2] See for example, Statement by Col. Ramazanov, Director, Legal Department, Ministry of Defense, to a regional conference on Landmine and the Explosive Remnants of War hosted by the ICRC, Moscow, 4 November 2002; Permanent Mission of the Republic of Azerbaijan to the OSCE, “Response to the Questionnaire on Anti-Personnel Landmines,” 20 December 2002.
[3] Interview with Nazim Ismayilov, Director, ANAMA, in Zerkalo (newspaper) in Russian. 9 May 2003; see also AzCBL, “Information Bulletin No.4,” 2003.
[4] Notes taken by Landmine Monitor (AzCBL) during a meeting between Hon. Araz Azimov, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, and ICBL representatives from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), Baku, 9 November 2002. See also AzCBL, “Information Bulletin No. 10,” 2002.
[5] “International conference on landmines starts in Kyrgyzstan on 5 November,” Itar-Tass (Kyrgyzstan), 5 November 2003; “Issues of use of antipersonnel mines to be discussed in Bishkek,” Asia-Plus (Tajikistan), 5 November 2003.
[6] AzCBL, “Information Bulletin No.12,” 2004.
[7] Ibid, 16 March 2004.
[8] Email from the AzCBL, 2 June 2004.
[9] Azerbaijan confirmed this statement in January 2004. Interview with Garay Muradov, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 13 January 2004.
[10] Ibid.
[11] Landmine Monitor Report 1999, pp. 762-765; Landmine Monitor Report 2000, p. 800.
[12] The most commonly found antipersonnel mines include the Soviet OZM-72 and PMN-2, as well as the Soviet MON-50, MON-90, and PMN, and the Italian TS-50. AzCBL (Arif Yunusov and Khafiz Safikhanov) interviews with Azeri soldiers in Nagorny-Karabakh, November 1998 - January 1999.
[13] For a description of the conflict and resulting landmine problem, see Landmine Monitor Report 1999, pp. 762-765; Landmine Monitor Report 2000, p. 800.
[14] “Landmine Impact Survey: Republic of Azerbaijan,” implemented by the Survey Action Center and the International Eurasia Press Fund, December 2003, p. 6.
[15] Ibid, p. 5.
[16] Ibid, p. 1.
[17] Azernews (English-language newspaper), 6 November 2002.
[18] Mine Action Support Group (MASG) Newsletter, October 2003. Another source reported that the handover took place on 29 October 2003. See “European Commission to hand over equipment to ANAMA,” (TIA) Information Agency, 29 September 2003.
[19] UNMAS, “Joint Assessment Mission Report: Azerbaijan,” 5 November 1998, p. 9.
[20] Letter from the International Eurasian Press Fund to AzCBL, Baku, 11 January 2001.
[21] UNMAS, “Joint Assessment Mission Report: Azerbaijan,” pp. 11, 14.
[22] UN, “Portfolio of Mine-Related Projects 2003,” October 2002, p. 50.
[23] Azerbaijan National Agency for Mine Action, “Work Plan 2002-2003.”
[24] MASG Newsletter, February 2004.
[25] Telephone interview with Aziz Aliyev, Director, Information Department, ANAMA, 12 January 2004.
[26] Email from ANAMA to AzCBL, 25 February 2004.
[27] Ibid. Last year, ANAMA reported 2002 funding totaled $2.7million. Telephone interview with Aziz Aliyev, ANAMA, 6 June 2003.
[28] Information comes from the individual country reports in this edition of Landmine Monitor Report. In some cases, the funding was for the country’s fiscal year, not calendar year 2003. Landmine Monitor has converted the currencies and rounded off numbers. Figures provided by donors and by ANAMA may not match in part because funds donors provide directly for mine action in Nagorno-Karabakh are not counted by ANAMA.
[29] International Eurasia Press Fund, “Annual Report for 2003,” 25 January 2004.
[30] Ibid.
[31] Fax to AzCBL from the Relief NGO, 18 January 2004.
[32] ANAMA briefing for donors, 10 March 2004.
[33] “ANAMA Plans Demining 6 Million Square Meters of Lands in 2004,” Turan Information Agency (TIA), 10 March 2004.
[34] “ANAMA De-mined Over 7 Thousand Square Meters of Land,” Azer-Press (Baku), 9 February 2004.
[35] MASG Newsletter, February 2004.
[36] Zarema Velikhanova, “Landmine threat haunts Azerbaijan,” CRS (Baku), 1 April 2004.
[37] “ANAMA Cleaned Over 516 Thousand Square Meters of Mines,” Azer-Press, 15 March 2004.
[38] “6 Persons Killed in Mine Explosions Since Beginning of 2004,” TIA, 5 May 2004.
[39] The total population in targeted villages was 325,500; including 123,926 schoolchildren. The total number of people that attended MRE sessions in 2003 is unknown. Email to Landmine Monitor (HI) from Musa Jalalov, MRE Team Leader, ANAMA, 3 September 2004.
[40] Email from Musa Jalalov, ANAMA, 1 September 2004.
[41] Interview with Vagif Sadigov, MRE Assistant, ANAMA 7 January 2004.
[42] Ibid; Working Group meeting of ANAMA, 28 November 2003.
[43] Email from Musa Jalalov, ANAMA, 1 September 2004; ICRC, Special Report Mine Action, August 2004, p.39.
[44] MASG Newsletter, October 2003.
[45] Email from Musa Jalalov, ANAMA, 16 August 2004.
[46] Musa Jalalov and Vagif Sadigov, “Mine Risk Education: The Effective Way to Save Lives,” Journal of Mine Action, Issue 7.3 2003, p. 68.
[47] IEPF, “Annual Report for 2003,” 25 January 2004.
[48] Email to AzCBL from Musa Jalalov, ANAMA, 6 February 2004.
[49] Excerpt from the speech of Lutvul Kabir, Chief Technical Consultant of ANAMA, on the third meeting of the Mine Victim Assistance Working Group, 28 October 2003.
[50] See Landmine Monitor Report 2003, p. 556.
[51] Email from Musa Jalalov, ANAMA, 2 September 2004.
[52] Ibid, 1 September 2004.
[53] Telephone interview with Aziz Aliyev, Director, Information Department, ANAMA, 12 January 2004; ANAMA, “Annual Report 2003,” p. 3, available at www.anama.baku.az (accessed 18 September 2004).
[54] Email to Landmine Monitor (HI) from Aziz Aliyev, ANAMA, 12 July 2003.
[55] Interview with Aziz Aliyev, Information Department, and Rauf Mamedov, Mine Victims Assistance Specialist, ANAMA, by Landmine Monitor Victim Assistance Research Coordinator, Baku, 17 March 2004.
[56] Hafiz Safikhanov and Sheree Bailey, “Addressing the Needs of Landmine Survivors in Azerbaijan,” June 2004, p. 11; AzCBL, “Information Bulletin No.11,” 2004.
[57] Yeni Musavat (newspaper), 20 September 2003; Echo (newspaper), 20 September 2003.
[58] Olaylar (newspaper), 9 December 2003.
[59] Interview with Rosa Aligizi, Chairwoman, Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers, Baku, 28 January 2004.
[60] Hurriyyet (newspaper), 25 July 2003.
[61] Space TV, 5 August 2003; Fax to AzCBL from Colonel Ramiz Melikov, Director of the Press Service, Ministry of Defense, 7 August 2003; Echo, 7 August 2003; Yeni Musavat, 7 August 2003.
[62] “Twenty-three Azeri Citizens Suffered from Mine Incidents this Year,” Azer-Press, 10 July 2004.
[63] Zarema Velikhanova, “Landmine threat haunts Azerbaijan,” CRS, 1 April 2004; S. Agayeva, “Two Brothers Die in Mine in Fuzuli,” Trend News Agency (Azerbaijan), 3 April 2004.
[64] Zarema Velikhanova, “Landmine threat haunts Azerbaijan,” CRS, 1 April 2004.
[65] “6 Persons Killed in Mine Explosions Since Beginning of 2004,” TIA, 5 May 2004.
[66] Email from AzCBL, 17 May 2004.
[67] “Azeri soldier maimed by land mine in front line village,” ANS Radio (Azerbaijan), 12 June 2004.
[68] ANAMA, “Annual Report 2003,” p. 13.
[69] Zerkalo, 18 July 2001; Echo, 18 July 2001.
[70] Interview with Nazim Ismayilov, Director, ANAMA, by Komsomolskaya Pravda (Baku Russian language newspaper), 7 August 2004.
[71] Email from V. Sadigov, Mine Risk Education Officer, ANAMA, 29 January 2004.
[72] “Landmine Impact Survey: Republic of Azerbaijan,” p. 7’ see also Landmine Monitor Report 2002, p. 616 for information on a survey conducted by the International Eurasia Press Foundation in 2001.
[73] Notes taken by AzCBL during a statement by Abid Sharifov, Vice Premier Ministry of Azerbaijan Republic, ANAMA Briefing for the donors, 10 March 2004; Zerkalo (newspaper), 11 March 2004.
[74] Landmine Monitor Report 2001, p. 859.
[75] Zerkalo (newspaper), 26 April 2003.
[76] Meeting with Nazim Ismayilov, Director, ANAMA, and ICBL representatives from the CIS, Baku, 7 November 2002.
[77] Interview with Shahnaz Hashimova, Deputy Director, Department of Prevention, Ministry of Health, Baku, 17 January 2003; interview with Dunya Khalilova, Press Secretary, Ministry of Labor and Social Protection, Baku, 21 January 2003.
[78] ICRC, “Annual Report 2003,” Geneva, June 2004, p. 219.
[79] “Landmine Impact Survey: Republic of Azerbaijan,” p. 26.
[80] Interview with Shamsaddin Hudaverdiyev, Director, Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center, Baku, 24 January 2004; Meeting with Shamsaddin Hudaverdiyev, Director, Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center, and ICBL representatives from the CIS, Baku, 6 November 2002; Interview with Shamsaddin Hudaverdiyev, Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center, 17 January 2003.
[81] ICRC Physical Rehabilitation Programs, “Annual Report 2003,” Geneva, March 2004, p. 16; “Annual Report 2001,” Geneva, 14 April 2004; “Annual Report 2000,” 31 March 2001; “Annual Report 1999,” Geneva, 31 March 2000, p. 11; Interview with Shamsaddin Hudaverdiyev, Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center, 17 January 2003.
[82] Interview with Ilgar Abdullayev, Director, Ganja Branch, Prosthetic and Orthopedic Rehabilitation Center, Ganja, 12 February 2004.
[83] Interview with Malahat Nahmatova, Assistant Head Physician, Rehabilitation Center of Invalids of the Republic, Baku, 26 January 2004; Interview with Huseynov Elcin Mammad, Head Physician, Rehabilitation Center of Invalids of the Republic, by Landmine Monitor Victim Assistance Research Coordinator, Baku, 19 March 2004.
[84] Interview with Aziz Aliyev, Director, Information Department, and Rauf Mamedov, Mine Victims Assistance Specialist, ANAMA, by Landmine Monitor Victim Assistance Research Coordinator, Baku, 17 March 2004; ANAMA press release, “Overview of the Progress,” 8 July 2004; ANAMA press release, “First Meeting of Mine Victim Assistance Working Group,” 29 March 2003, available at www.anama.baku.az
[85] “Addressing the Needs of Landmine Survivors in Azerbaijan,” June 2004.
[86] Ibid, p. 8.
[87] Ibid, p. 7.
[88] For details see Landmine Monitor Report 2001, p. 860.
[89] Echo, 3 December 2003.