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Congo, Republic of

Last Updated: 02 November 2011

Mine Ban Policy


The Republic of the Congo (Congo) acceded to the Mine Ban Treaty on 4 May 2001, becoming a State Party on 1 November 2001. It indicated as early as September 2002 that legislation had been drafted to implement the treaty domestically, but this still had not occurred as of mid-2009.[1] In a meeting with the Monitor in June 2011, Congo reiterated that national implementation legislation was underway, and will be separate from the legislation that Congo plans to implement for the Convention on Cluster Munitions.[2]

The last year that Congo submitted a Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report was in 2009 for calendar year 2008. As of October 2011, Congo had not submitted a report covering calendar year 2010.

Congo attended the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in June 2011, but did not attend the Tenth Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in Geneva in November–December 2010.

Congo is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Production, transfer, stockpiling, and retention

Congo is not known to have produced or exported antipersonnel mines. In September 2003, Congo reported the destruction of its stockpile of 5,136 antipersonnel mines.[3] In its Article 7 report submitted in 2009, Congo reported that it had discovered 4,000 antipersonnel mines (2,500 PPM-2 and 1,500 PMN) in an abandoned warehouse and destroyed them on 3 April 2009 in Mongo-Tandou. Congo reported that an additional 508 POMZ-2 mines were awaiting destruction.[4] Mines Advisory Group (MAG) oversaw the destruction of the 4,000 mines along with a local explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) team. It said that the mines came from the Pointe-Noire regional stockpile and that the destruction was witnessed by the Minister of Defense, 100 international representatives, and members of the press. MAG stated that a further 509 POMZ mines would be destroyed in the coming days at the Pointe-Noire Foundry.[5]

In its Article 7 report submitted in 2009, Congo stated that it retained 322 antipersonnel mines for training purposes, after it used 50 mines (30 PPM-2 and 20 POMZ-2) in the April 2009 destruction of the newly discovered stockpile.[6] Previously, in November 2007, Congo had cited a figure of 372 mines retained.[7] It has not provided details on the intended purposes of its remaining retained mines.


No mine use has been reported in Congo since 1997, when mines were used during its civil war.[8]


[1] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form A, 12 September 2002. In November 2007, Congo stated that it required assistance from the Geneva International Centre for Humanitarian Demining (GICHD) in order to draft national legislation. In August 2008, GICHD reported that support had been provided. No further progress on national legislation has been reported, including in Congo’s Article 7 report submitted in 2009. Congo has not submitted an Article 7 report since 2009.

[2] Interview with Col. Lucien Nkoua, Focal Point of National MINEX, Ministry of Defense, in Geneva, 23 June 2011.

[3] Statement by Col. Léonce Nkabi, Project Coordinator, Ministry of Defense, Fifth Meeting of States Parties, Mine Ban Treaty, Bangkok, 19 September 2003. Copies of the destruction records were attached to the statement. The details of types and numbers of mines destroyed were not reported in Congo’s subsequent Article 7 report. See Landmine Monitor Report 2004, p. 357. At the Eighth Meeting of States Parties, Congo reported destroying 4,718 stockpiled mines. Statement of Congo, Eighth Meeting of States Parties, Mine Ban Treaty, Dead Sea, 18 November 2007.

[4] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2008), Form G. See also Statement of Congo, Standing Committee on Mine Clearance, Mine Risk Education and Mine Action Technologies, Mine Ban Treaty, Geneva, 28 May 2009.

[5] MAG, “4,000 anti-personnel landmines destroyed,” 6 April 2009, www.alertnet.org. MAG said the explosive charges from the POMZ mines were used as priming charges to destroy the 4,000 mines, and that the bodies of the POMZs would be melted at the foundry.

[6] Article 7 Report (for calendar year 2008), Form D. The mines are: 66 German PPM-2, 50 Soviet PMN-58, 156 Soviet POMZ-2, and 50 Soviet PMD-6.

[7]Statement of Congo, Eighth Meeting of States Parties, Mine Ban Treaty, Dead Sea, 18 November 2007.

[8] See Landmine Monitor Report 1999, p. 188.