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Last Updated: 13 September 2012

Casualties and Victim Assistance

Casualties Overview

All known casualties by end 2011

1,560 mine/ERW casualties

Casualties in 2011

0 (2010: 1)

In 2011, no new casualties were identified in Zimbabwe.[1] In 2010, Zimbabwe Mine Action Center (ZIMAC) reported one new casualty; a 14-year-old schoolboy was killed while handling an explosive remnant of war (ERW).[2] ZIMAC also reported that incidents happen in remote areas where there is no demining team and are not reported.[3] In 2009, the Monitor identified five mine casualties through media reports.[4]

Since 1980, some 1,560 casualties have been reported by ZIMAC.[5] It has been estimated that there are approximately 1,300 survivors.[6]

Victim Assistance

There was estimated to be 1,300 survivors in Zimbabwe by the end of 2011. There is no victim assistance coordination; disability issues are coordinated by the Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare.[7]

In 2011, the ICRC Special Fund for the Disabled (SFD) provided materials and training to two physical rehabilitation centers, in Harare and Bulawayo. The Bulawayo Rehabilitation Center increased the provision of prosthetics by 8% in 2011 as compared to 2010. ICRC SFD assistance to this center was due to be phased out in 2011 and 2012.[8]

The lack of government resources devoted to training and education severely hampered the ability of persons with disabilities to compete for scarce jobs.[9]

Legislation prohibited discrimination against persons with disabilities but was not widely known or implemented by government institutions and discrimination was prevalent. The law stipulated that government buildings be accessible to persons with disabilities, but implementation was slow.[10]

As of June 2012, Zimbabwe had not signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities.


[1] Interview with Col. Mkhululi Bhika Ncube, Director, ZIMAC, in Geneva, 25 May 2012.

[2] Ibid., 24 June 2011. The same incident was identified by HALO Trust as having been caused by an antipersonnel mine. Email from Tom Dibb, HALO, 25 November 2010.

[3] Ibid.

[4] ICBL, Landmine Monitor Report 2009: Toward a Mine-Free World (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada: October 2009), www.the-monitor.org.

[5] Interview with Col. Mkhululi Bhika Ncube, ZIMAC, in Geneva, 24 June 2011.

[6] ICBL, Landmine Monitor Report 2009: Toward a Mine-Free World (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada: October 2009), www.the-monitor.org.

[7] Zimbabwe Government online, “Mission Statement,” www.zim.gov.zw/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=57&Itemid=129, accessed 28 August 2012.

[8] ICRC SFD, “Annual Report 2011,” Geneva, May 2012, p. 27.

[9] US Department of State, “2011 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Zimbabwe,” Washington, DC, 24 May 2012.

[10] Ibid.