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Last Updated: 12 August 2014

Cluster Munition Ban Policy


The Republic of Guinea signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions on 3 December 2008.

Previously, in 2010, Guinea said that it was unable to progress with ratification due to the exceptional political situation in the country.[1]

Political instability since 2008 has prevented Guinea from ratifying the ban convention, but it should be able to proceed now that a new National Assembly was constituted on 17 January 2014. A Guinean official informed a workshop on universalization that the ratification package would be submitted in the session beginning in April and expressed hope that the ratification process would be completed by 2015.[2]

Guinea participated in the Oslo Process that created the convention, including the Dublin negotiations in May 2008, where it joined in the consensus adoption of the convention.[3] Guinea has not attended any regional or international meetings of the convention since 2011, but a representative attended a workshop on the universalization of the convention convened for African diplomatic missions in Geneva in February 2014.

Guinea is a State Party to the Mine Ban Treaty. It is not party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons.

Use, production, transfer, and stockpiling

Guinea is not known to have used, produced, or exported cluster munitions, but it is thought to have a stockpile. Moldova reported the transfer to Guinea in 2000 of 860 9M27K rockets, each containing 30 submunitions, for Guinea’s 220mm Uragan multiple launch rocket system.[4] The size and content of Guinea’s stockpile of cluster munitions is not known.

In February 2014, at the Geneva universalization workshop, a Guinean representative pledged that Guinea would not use its stockpiles of cluster munitions.[5]


[1] Statement of Guinea, International Conference on the Convention on Cluster Munitions, Santiago, 7 June 2010. Notes by Action on Armed Violence/Human Rights Watch.

[2] Statement of Guinea, Workshop on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Africa, Geneva, 24 February 2014. Notes by the CMC.

[3] For details on Guinea’s cluster munition policy and practice up to early 2009, see Human Rights Watch and Landmine Action, Banning Cluster Munitions: Government Policy and Practice (Ottawa: Mines Action Canada, May 2009), p. 86.

[4] Submission of the Republic of Moldova, UN Register of Conventional Arms, Report for Calendar Year 2000, 30 May 2001.

[5] Statement of Guinea, Workshop on the Universalization of the Convention on Cluster Munitions in Africa, Geneva, 24 February 2014. Notes by the CMC.