+   *    +     +     
About Us 
The Issues 
Our Research Products 
Order Publications 
Press Room 
Resources for Monitor Researchers 
Email Notification Receive notifications when this Country Profile is updated.


Send us your feedback on this profile

Send the Monitor your feedback by filling out this form. Responses will be channeled to editors, but will not be available online. Click if you would like to send an attachment. If you are using webmail, send attachments to .


Last Updated: 02 November 2011

Mine Ban Policy

Mine Ban Policy

The Republic of Nicaragua signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 4 December 1997 and ratified it on 30 November 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 May 1999. Legislation to enforce the antipersonnel mine prohibition domestically, Law 321, was enacted on 7 December 1999 and includes penal sanctions.[1]

Nicaragua hosted and was President of the Third Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in September 2001. Nicaragua has twice served as co-chair of the Standing Committee on Victim Assistance and Socio-Economic Reintegration (2000–2001, and 2004–2005).

Nicaragua participated in the Tenth Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in Geneva in November–December 2010, and attended the intersessional Standing Committee meetings held in June 2011. 

 On 31 December 2010, Nicaragua submitted its eleventh Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report, covering the period to 31 December 2010.[2]

Nicaragua is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines.

Production, transfer, stockpile destruction, and retention

Nicaragua has always reported that it has never produced antipersonnel mines and it is not known to have ever exported mines. Nicaragua destroyed its stockpile of 133,435 antipersonnel mines between 12 April 1999 and 28 August 2002.

In 2010, Nicaragua reported a total of 448 antipersonnel mines retained for training and stated that 515 mines were destroyed on 18 June 2010.[3] In 2009, Nicaragua had indicated that it would prepare a plan for reducing the number of mines retained for training following the completion of its demining program.[4] From 2007–2009, Nicaragua reported a total of 1,004 antipersonnel mines retained for training.[5] In previous years, Nicaragua reported consuming some of its retained mines.[6] 


[1] Law for the Prohibition of Production, Purchase, Sale, Import, Export, Transit, Use and Possession of Antipersonnel Landmines, Law No. 321, published in the Official Gazette on 12 January 2000.

[2] Nicaragua has submitted ten previous reports, on: 13 April 2009, 28 February 2008, 28 February 2007, 28 February 2006, 19 May 2005, 28 April 2004, 31 March 2003, 22 May 2002, 7 May 2001, and 30 September 1999.

[3] The 448 mines retained are: 200 PMN-2, 124 PMN, 84 POMZ-2M, 30 PPMI-SR11, and 10 PMFH. Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 31 December 2010.

[4] Interview with Dr. Juan Umaña, Technical Secretary, CND, San Fernando, 4 March 2009.

[5] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 13 April 2009; Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 28 February 2008; and Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 28 February 2007.

[6] It consumed 19 and 17 retained mines in 2005 and 2006, respectively. Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 28 February 2007; and Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form D, 8 February 2006.