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Last Updated: 30 October 2011

Mine Ban Policy


The Republic of Djibouti signed the Mine Ban Treaty on 3 December 1997 and ratified it on 18 May 1998, becoming a State Party on 1 March 1999. The president signed national implementation legislation on 11 March 2006.[1] The law also created a national commission responsible for application of the law.

As of October 2011, Djibouti had not submitted its annual Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 report. The last year that Djibouti submitted an Article 7 report was 2005.

Djibouti did not attend the Tenth Meeting of States Parties to the Mine Ban Treaty in Geneva in November–December 2010, or the intersessional Standing Committee meetings in June 2011.

Djibouti is party to the Convention on Conventional Weapons and its Amended Protocol II on landmines, but is not party to the CCW Protocol V on explosive remnants of war. Djibouti has never submitted an Article 13 report for Amended Protocol II.

Production, transfer, stockpiling, and retention

Djibouti has reported that it has not produced antipersonnel mines. It is not known to have ever exported mines.[2]

On 2 March 2003, one day after its treaty-mandated deadline, Djibouti destroyed the last of its stockpile of 1,118 antipersonnel mines.[3] In 2005, Djibouti reported that it retained 2,996 antipersonnel mines for training purposes, the same number it first declared in January 2003.[4]  It has not provided an update since that time and has never reported in any detail on the intended purposes and actual uses of its retained mines—a step agreed by States Parties at the Mine Ban Treaty’s First Review Conference in November–December 2004.


Both the government and the Front for the Restoration of Unity and Democracy used landmines around military positions and on access roads during the 1991–1994 civil war.[5]


[1] “Loi n°141/AN/06/5ème L portant mise en oeuvre de la Convention d’Ottawa sur l’interdiction de l’emploi, du stockage, de la production et du transfert des mines anti-personnel et sur leur destruction” (“Implementation of the Ottawa Convention),” Journal Officiel de la République de Djibouti, www.presidence.dj.

[2] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form E, 16 January 2003.

[3] Mine Ban Treaty Article 7 Report, Form G, Tableau Explicatif, 6 February 2004; and Article 7 Report, Form G, 16 January 2003.

[4] Mines retained include: 650 M12; 307 M412; 621 PPM2; 665 T72; 521 MB; 16 DV; 30 M961; 10 AV; 128 PPMISR; 12 MLE421; 18 M59; and 18 of unknown type and origin. Article 7 Reports, Form D, 25 January 2005; and Form D, 16 January 2003.

[5] See Landmine Monitor Report 1999, pp. 33–34.