+   *    +     +     
About Us 
The Issues 
Our Research Products 
Order Publications 
Press Room 
Resources for Monitor Researchers 
Email Notification Receive notifications when this Country Profile is updated.


Send us your feedback on this profile

Send the Monitor your feedback by filling out this form. Responses will be channeled to editors, but will not be available online. Click if you would like to send an attachment. If you are using webmail, send attachments to .


Last Updated: 09 December 2014

Casualties and Victim Assistance


Casualties Overview

All known casualties by end 2012

At least 1,987 (1,778 killed; 209 injured)

Casualties in 2013

Unknown (2012: 22)

As of 1 December 2014 Ukraine had not submitted a Convention on Conventional Weapons (CCW) Protocol V Article 10 report for calendar year 2013; therefore the number of annual casualties in 2013 due to explosive remnants of war (ERW) leftover from World War II was unknown.

In mid-2014, several unconfirmed reports of casualties from landmines were reported in Luhansk province, although the incidents remained unverified as of 1 December 2014. In June 2014, it was reported that six border guards were injured by a landmine.[1] On 3 July 2014, one person was reported killed and another injured by a mine at Luhansk airport.[2] On 7 July 2014, it was reported that a tractor drove over a mine, killing the driver.[3]

The Monitor has recorded at least 1,987 mine/ERW casualties (1,778 killed; 209 injured) in the Ukraine to the end of 2012.[4] The UN reported that more than 1,500 civilians were killed in Ukraine between 1945 and 1995 in mine/ERW incidents. Another 130 people were killed during clearance operations in the same period.[5] The Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES) reported that between 1996 and 2008 there were 229 ERW casualties (100 killed; 129 injured), including 59 children, due to “handling of devices.”[6]

Cluster munition casualties

Human Rights Watch (HRW) reported that during the use of cluster munitions in Ukraine in 2014 “cluster munitions killed at least 6 people and injured dozens.”[7]

Victim Assistance

The total number of mine/ERW survivors in Ukraine is not known.

Media reports indicated that tampering with ERW was a significant cause of casualties.[8] Many mine survivors are thought to be veterans of the Soviet Army, injured during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979–1989).

There is no specific victim assistance strategy, and mine/ERW survivors receive the same services as other persons with disabilities or other disabled veterans. The State Committee on Veterans of Ukraine coordinates policy on war veterans.[9]

Disability issues are the responsibility of the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy; the Ministry of Family, Youth, and Sports; the Ministry of Health; and the Ministry of Education and Science.[10]

Ukraine ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) on 4 February 2010.


[2]At Lugansk airport two persons are victims of a landmine,” UNIAN (in Russian), 3 July2014.

[4] The cumulative casualties are calculated using UN data for 1945–1995 (1,500 civilians; 130 deminers killed), Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES) data for 1996–2008 (100 killed; 129 injured), and CCW Protocol V Article 10 report data for 2009–2011 (42 killed; 64 injured). See also previous Ukraine country profiles for 2010 and 2011 available on the Monitor website.

[5] ICBL, Landmine Monitor Report 1999: Toward a Mine-Free World (New York: Human Rights Watch, April 1999).

[6] Monitor analysis of MES, “Daily Reports,” for calendar year 2008.

[7] HRW, “Ukraine: Widespread Use of Cluster Munitions,” 20 October 2014.

[8] The total includes 2009–2010 casualty data and Monitor analysis of MES, “Daily Reports,” from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2008.

[9] Ukraine Government Portal, “State Committee on Veterans of Ukraine,” undated

[10] United States (US) Department of State, “2009 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Ukraine,” Washington, DC, 11 March 2010.